What Happened in Karbi Anglong in 2005?
A new situation was emerging when the repression and exploitation of the hill people at the hands of the Assamese ruling clique was being exposed. The political talk of the UPDS and DHD with the Government of India was moving ahead and there was a new interest shown by the national mediapersons and national political leaders in the affairs of Karbi Anglong and NC Hills. The intensive tour of NDA Convenor George Fernandes in Karbi Anglong was prove of that. It was imminent that the ruling clique in Assam would respond to the situation with diversionary tactics. As in the past, divide-and-rule policy remains the easy option.
Since the Congress took the rein of power in the State and in the Autonomous Council in 2001, the hill people have been mysteriously subjected to repeated ethnic conflagrations in the two hills claiming hundreds of innocent lives. Subversive elements have created conflict situations between tribal communities taking advantage of strong tribal sentiments and the contrariety of their political aspirations. The result were — in 2002 Dimasa-Hmar conflict occurred claiming atleast one hundred lives and rendering thousands homeless; in 2003 Kuki-Karbi conflict was triggered off by subversive elements claiming atleast another hundred innocent lives and uprooting thousands from atleast forty villages in the Singhason belt of Karbi Anglong; in 2004 subversive elements again triggered off Karbi-Khasi conflict claiming atleast a dozen lives and uprooting atleast three thousand villagers. In all these the attempt has always been to deliberately portray the Karbis and Dimasas as mean and intolerant aggressors with a view to isolate the Karbis and the Dimasas to destroy their ongoing political struggle against oppression and exploitation. The masterstroke, therefore, would be a fullscale ethnic conflict between Karbi and Dimasa, the two major hill tribes.
Setting up of an unguarded DHD designated camp at Dhansiri in Karbi Anglong was a master-ploy of the government to sow the seed of conflict between the Karbi and the Dimasas. Simmering tensions have built up between the two communities on the issue over the years and only a small spark was needed to ignite a full-scale ethnic conflict. The state government is aware of this situation but did nothing worthwhile to correct the situation.
Pushed to the walls by the emerging situation, the subversive elements imediately went to work. On 26th September, 3(three) Dimasa youths were found butchered nearby a Karbi hamlet, Rongkimi, about 32 KM from Diphu, explicitly suggesting a Karbi hand in the killing. Instead of nabbing the culprits the District Police went round accusing the UPDS for the crime explicitly inviting a retaliation from the Dimasa tribe.We, as well as other Karbi bodies, immediately appealed to the Dimasa leadership to recognise the explosive situation and not to be misled by the orchestrated atmosphere. There was no adverse reactions from both the tribes till the 3rd October when 5 Karbi villagers were butchered in a gruesome manner 8 KM from Diphu followed by another 3 the next day, i.e. 4th October near Bokajan. The State Home Minister made a cosmetic visit to Diphu that day and refused to meet anybody. There was no serious attempt on the part of the government to rein in the situation and the cycle of chain reaction begun which is snowballing in graver dimensions by the day.
On 8th Oct 56 houses were torched at Daldali, on 9th Oct 6 killed 79 houses torched in 8 villages, pushing the death toll to 24, on 10th Oct, 5 persons were hacked to death and 64 houses torched and entire Garo villagers of Daldali fled their village. People from several villages in Diphu sub-division area fled their villages raising the number of relief camps to 25, housing over twenty thousand of panic-stricken villagers.
The Karbis did not retaliate in killing till the 10th October after the toll of Karbi victims continued to rise unabated.
The Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi and the Ex-Chief Minister Prafulla Kr Mahanta visited Diphu separately on 10th October. Tarun Gogoi announced Ex-gratia payment of 3 lakhs each to those killed and also announced a judicial enquiry to be headed by Retd Judge, Justice P.C.Phukan. Even after the departure of the Chief Minister, the relief camps continued to be run with desperate shortages of food, medicine and security measures. While the CM was reviewing the situation there, several houses were being burnt in and around Diphu.
On 12th October, Disagadiba village was torched where one woman was hacked to death; on 13th torching of several villages continued swelling panic-striken refugees to about thirty thousand. On 14th Oct house-torching continues in Dhansiri area, 15th another 81 houses torched in Doldoli, Theso Ajur area. Everyday looting and torching of deserted villages continued unabated. 16th Oct., 3 killed and 51 houses torched, residence of a Karbi daily Editor bombed with grenades. The direct involvement in the conspiracy of Executive Member of Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council Sri Pradeep Singnar belonging to the Congress Party was exposed following arrest of his alleged hitmen. 17th Oct, about 50 persons hacked to death after burning down two buses and 99 houses at the nearby Charchim village in Hamren Civil Sub-Division. Finally curfew is imposed from 17 October after the death toll crossed 90 and over 30,000 villagers are rendered homeless in a span of 20 days.
The situation is desperate. It is mystery how the killing and mayhem was allowed to go on for a full 20 days before curfew was imposed.
It even amazed the tribals themselves how they could kill each other in such gruesome manner. Before 2001 there was no history of tribals of Karbi Anglong and NC Hills killing each other or attacking each other in such a manner. Nobody understands why he is being attacked. The cause of Dimasa-Hmar clash has remained a mystery, so also the Karbi-Kuki clash, the Karbi-Khasi clash and now the Karbi-Dimasa clash. What has been done was to cleverly play the contradictions between armed militant groups and ignite violence on some pretext. The civil society are themselves never involved, they merely become the victims. In such a situation, the clashes can not be categorised as communal.
It is necessary to expose the identity of the mysterious subversive elements and the motive behind their actions. An immediate visit of a team of MP and national media is called for to make an indept study of the reasons why each year since 2002 ethnic conflagrations are taking place in the two hills of Assam. It is necessary to guide the Nation in positively responding to the distressed call of the hill tribes of Assam.
Dharamsing Teron, MLA
Elwin Teron, MAC
Chronology of events in Karbi Anglong and NC Hills
24th June 2002
> DHD kills 6 ONGC personnels at Dhansiri — DHD extremists ambushed a jeep carrying ONGC engineers, CISF jawans and contract-workers around 3-30 pm near Dhansiri. Two Karbi contract-workers also fell victim among the six casualties reported by the police. One person was reported missing and no casualty on the DHD so far.
2nd July 2002
Firing in Dhansiri again/Hospital ransacked— masked, surrendered armed youths let loose on civilians — DHD cadres and security forces exchange fire in the Dhansiri areas in the evening. There are random arrests of innocents from the villages.
>Following the attack on the ONGC personnel near Dhansiri recently by DHD elements, the army/Black Panther personnels in civilian dress are undermining human rights and human dignity in course of the operation being conducted in the Dhansiri area during the past few days. Particularly Karbi villages, like Loringlangso, Ram Hanse gaon, Jensing Teron gaon, Engleng gaon, Rongpi gaon , a Kuki and a Khasia village apart from the some Dimasa villages, are specifically targeted, ransacking and looting whatever properties they can lay their hands on apart from physical atrocities committed in the aftermath of the DHD attack. Even the Primary Health Centre at Dhansiri was ransacked and fired upon indiscriminately on the 2nd July 2002. The only doctor (Dr Sumit Sorongfongsa) and a few nurses were physically abused, not sparing even the patients in the hospital. As a result of the unprovoked attack on the premises, the health Centre is now deserted and closed.
> The women in Ram Hanse and Loringlangso villages subjected to physical indignity by the security personnel— These incidents of atrocities and looting have triggered off mass panic and exodus from the area. These incidents of widespread atrocities and looting have crossed all civilised boundaries.
> It is not understood why operation against the extremists can not be conducted without perpetrating widespread atrocities and indignity against the innocent public except the deliberate intent to teach ‘the tribal people a lesson’. Is it a coincidence that both the Deputy Commissioner and the Superintendent of Police have remained incommunicado during the past three days.
> Also — police ‘barricade’ contiues in the effected areas as no one is allowed yet to visit the traumetised area to know the situation.
24th Nov 2oo2
> DHD relocates land along railway tracks to Dimasas — from outside KA between Dhansiri and Kheroni charali as a conscious design to increase Dimasa population. DHD also is fixing ‘Dimaraji’ signboards in these areas creating social tension in the adjoining area.
20 Dec 2002
> DHD ultras attack police post near Bokajan — exchange between DHD and police at Dilai injuring 3 from a group of about 15-20 heavily armed ultras around 10 pm.
1st January 2003
> DHD enters into a truce with the Centre—
3 Jan 2003
Dimaraji Women’s Society — demands “Dimaland” including Karbi Anglong incorporating the ‘Karbi Land’ slogan.
4 March 2003
NDFB kidnpas Arup Shyam, SO/PWD and Subhas Das from 7th Mile at Diphu-Manja road.
3 March 2003
> Kathangsi Forest Reserve deforestation. EMs of KAAC take the lead— Ramsing Munda, Semson Surin & Bhupen Hasnu alongwith Padma Maibangsa (LSAB member) give a public go-ahead to dereserve the Kathangsi Forest Reserve — already under the grip of Boro, Adivasi and Dimasa encroachers. The public meeting was held at Maharlangso under Upper Dikhrong area, organised by the encroachers. Ramsing Munda promised all help to the encorchers to increase non-Karbi population. No Karbi was invited to the public meeting. Mr Munda instigated an anti-Karbi emotions.
10 March 2003
> NDFB ALLOCATING LAND IN RESERV FORESTS TO CADRES (Sentinel)— From our Staff Correspondent Diphu March 9 : The Assam Govt. has taken a serious view regarding the peculiar type of extremist activity going on inside the reserve forest areas of the state. The matter is more serious in Karbi Anglong district. According to confidential report filed by the ‘subsidiar intelligence bureau’, the NDFB through another organization is allotting land to the members in the reserve forest areas. The matter came up in a recent meeting of the strategy group of Unified Command and the matter has been viewed seriously by the State Governemt. Immediately, the Government has brought the matter to the notice of the concerned DCs and has given them clear instructions to take acion.
The Deputy Commissioner, Karbi Anglong has asked the Conservator of Forests to verify the report in the field through DFOs, and has askedhim to file a report with specific comment. On the other hand, while enquiring the matter with the Karbi Anglong police, it is learnt that they do not have any information regarding either encroachment of land in reserve forest for distribution of land by the NDFB or other organization.
It may be mentioned here that due to the continuous negligence demonstrated by both the Autonomous Councils of NC Hills and Karbi Anglong and the Assam Government towards Forest Department in managing the vast forest areas, the reserve forest has become the paradise of extremist organizations and the anti-socials like timber smugglers, poachers, smugglers dealing in medicinal herbs etc. The condition of the Forest Department is so pathetic that they cannot even provide safe drinking water to their protection staff not to speak of , maintaining armed home guards and repairing of forest roads and other logistics which are necessary for protecting the forest areas.
13 March 2003
NDFB captures huge land areas in Karbi Anglong — Aaji, a Guwhati based Assamese daily carried out a news item in bold first-page headline under the caption — Karbi Anglongor bohu mati NDFB-r kobjat by a staff reporter — saying that NDFB, after reversals in Bhutan, is now seeking to establish another training ground, linking Nagaland to Burma and the outfit is now engaged in settling Boros from Kokrajhar and Bongaigaon in the forest areas under Diphu and Bokajan Sub-Divisions. The aims are to — create a bypass to foresign countries and to create a strong foothold in the district. The matter had also been discussed in the Strategy Group of the Unified Command. A Staff Officer, Manish Thakur had informed through an urgent message to the Deputy Commissioner of Karbi Anglong on 6th March.
3 April 2003
> DHD-HPC(D) (Hmar People’s Council-Democratic) ultras lock horn in a bloody tussle— in NC Hills. The Hmar extremists set fire to three Dimasa villages in Cachar district, killing one Bidur Burman and abducting 10. The three villages fall under Sonai Police Station — and namely, Chekarcham, Jhrakhal, Meghnatal forcing 450 inmates to flee. The incident is suspected to be the fall out of a recent attacks on Hamr villagers in Harangajao by Dimasa extremists.
4 April 2003
> BLT accuses UPDS factions of killing 9 Boro youths — including non-Boro communities and demanded CM’s immediate interference to protect Boros of Karbi Anglong or the outfit will be forced to take up its own measure. Derhasat Basumatary, Secretary General of BLT (Central) and Jwnyblau Kachari, Chairman of BLT, Karbi Anglong District unit adreesed the press in Kokrajhar. They also charged UPDS of collecting Rs. 100 to Rs. 1000 from each Boro family in KA. (BLT stands tough on extortion drive by UPDS, Sentinel – 5th April, pp 9).
> 22 abducted persons killed, bodies found (Assam Tribune) By A Staff Reporter/ GUWAHATI, April 3: In one of the most gruesome incidents of terrorist violence in the State, the bodies of 22 persons kidnapped by Hmar People’s Convention (HPC) in Cachar district were recovered this evening from the dense jungles at Nastul Pahar, five kilometres from Sonai PS in Cachar district. It may be mentioned that 28 persons from the Dimasa community of three villages of Cachar district were kidnapped by the Hmar ultra outfit. Police said that the victims of the massacre were shot from a very close range and were killed the very next day after their abduction. Most of the bodies were getting decomposed. Although the bodies of rest six persons are yet to be recovered, police said that they too might have been killed. The Hmar and Dimasa communities have been at loggerheads for quite sometime now and just about 15 days back DHD militants had attacked a Hmar-dominated area near Udarband. This is most likely to be an act of retaliation by the Hmar ultra outfit.
5 April 2005
> Hmar had warned of retaliation’ (Assam Tribune) — Several organisations representing the Hmars had been warning a Nastul Pahar – like retaliatory action by the Hmar extremists in case of the failure of the State administration to rein in the marauding Dima Halong Daoga (DHD), the Dimasa militant outfit, which has allegedly been carrying out an ethnic cleansing campaign in North Cachar Hills District and in parts of Cachar District.
> Guwahati, Saturday, April 5, 2003 ‘Kuki outfits demanding separate homeland should unite first’(Assam Tribune) From Sobhapati Samom/MPHAL, April 4 – Formed three years ago with an objective to bring all the Kuki underground outfits operating in this border and volatile state into one common platform, the United Kuki Liberation Front (UKLF) has once again appealed to all kuki groups to come forward to achieve its common goal. “Our main motto is Kilungkhat Galjo in our local tongue which signifies re-unification among the Kuki outfits under one common agenda” says S S Haokip, Commander in-Chief of the UKLF.
There are around five Kuki underground outfits in Manipur even though the Kuki population is comparatively lesser than the majority Meiteis. Most of these Kuki outfits are demanding a “separate homeland” within the Indian union. Among them are Kuki National Front (KNF) and Kuki Liberation Army (KLA), Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA), Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA). However unlike others, UKLF is looking forward to seeing them “re-unite” before pledging their demand.
Talking to this correspondent at a hilly terrain at Dingpi area of Chandel district bordering Myanmar on the sidelight of the 3rd raising day celebration of the outfit recently, Haokip pointed out, “If we go for separate demands, it won’t be able to hit the target properly, so the demand has to be placed through a common platform for a common political agenda representing all the 22 Kuki sub-tribes”. He further stated that as part of its effort to re-unite the Kuki groups, an understanding has been reached with KRA and KNF so far to highlight the hopes and aspiration of the Kukis. Giving an account of the formation of the Front, Haokip said UKLF was formed on March 29,2000 following an agreement with the NSCN(IM) to strengthen people-to-people relationship among all ethnic groups of Manipur particularly among the Kukis and Nagas.
D John Lamkang, Chief Administrative Officer of the NSCN(IM) Khurmi region attended the raising day function as the chief guest wherein thirteen village chiefs of the area were presented traditional shawls by the UKLF chief. Since its formation, at least 6 cadres of the outfit lost their lives in different incidents.
> Assembly Team visit to defuse communal tension in Cachar — following Hmar-DHD extremist clash. Speaker Majhi led the team. Since 31st March, HPC killed 28 people beloning to Meghnatol and Sikurchand villages under Dholai PS. GC Langthasa, Rockybul Hussain already visited the area, in the tri-junction of Manipur Mizoram and Assam. CM informed the house that since February there were continuous clashes. About 1000 refugees of both communities are kept in separate camps. Bimalangshu Roy of BJP said similar incident took place in 1996 also and the agreement reached between Hitesawr Saikia and HPC had yielded nothing resulting to occurence of this sort of tragic cases. The clash started with the aduction of 3 DHD cadres by HPC which was blamed at NSCN(IM).
> Tension in NC Hills — DHD extremists chased away Karbi villages from Longku in Umrongso areas in the run up to the Hmar-Dimasa conflict which claimed 28 casualties. The extremists wanted to know from the Karbis whom they supported, the Dimasas or non-Dimasas. NC Hills has now become a hot spot of ethnic rivalry following the NCHAC decision to rename the district as ‘Dima Halali’ and the violent campaign of DHD to rid other non-Dimasa population of NC Hills in what may be termed as ‘ethnic cleansing’.
8 April 2003
> Warring tribes hold on to fragile peace (Telegraph) OUR CORRESPONDENT Silchar, April 7: Chief minister Tarun Gogoi’s appeal for restraint appears to have had a sobering effect on the warring Hmars and Dimasas, but the air remained charged with tension as Cachar and the North Cachar Hills struggled to come to terms with last week’s ghastly massacre.
The feud between the two tribal groups began in February with the abduction of three senior members of the Dima Halam Daoga (DHD), which claims to represent the Dimasa community, by Naga and Hmar militants.
Haflong, the headquarters of North Cachar Hills district, today wore a deserted look with residents staying indoors for fear of being caught in the midst of another ethnic clash. No violence was reported in adjacent Cachar district throughout the day, but there was a hint of exaggeration in the administration’s description of the situation as “calm”.
Militants of the Hmar People’s Conference (Democratic) had yesterday ambushed an army team at Dikokcherra in North Cachar Hills district, seriously injuring one of the security personnel.
The injured jawan, Naik P. Singh, was taken by helicopter to the nearest army hospital but he succumbed to his injuries soon after.
Army sources said the assailants, who numbered about 24, fled to nearby Meghalaya after the encounter. The militants, however, left behind three .12 bore rifles, a few rounds of AK-47 ammunition, tents and incriminating documents, including diaries.
In another incident, suspected Dimasa tribesmen torched some Hmar huts near Harangajao village in North Cachar Hills district.
Two tribal girls were reportedly killed in a clash in the same area, but the casualties have yet to be officially confirmed.
The previous night, a group of Dimasa youth had ransacked some compartments of the Silchar-bound Cachar Express near Mupa railway station.
At least 12 passengers sustained minor injuries in the incident. The youths were apparently on the lookout for Hmar tribesmen to avenge the massacre of 23 members of their community on Mastul Hill, part of the Bhuban mountain range in Dholai block of Cachar, on March 31.
Northeast Frontier Railway today suspended train services on the Guwahati-Silchar metre-gauge route for an indefinite period. Sources said the Cachar Express and Barak Valley Express had been cancelled for “security reasons”.
9 April 2003
> Guwahati, Wednesday, April 9, 2003 (Assam Tribune) Dimasa bodies demand probe on killings by HPC — By A Staff Reporter/ GUWAHATI, April 8 — Dimasa student leaders today demanded a judicial inquiry into the incident of gruesome murder of 23 Dimasa people by the extremist group Hmar People’s Convention (Democratic) in Cachar district on March 31 last. Addressing newspersons at Dispur Last Gate here All Dimasa Students’ Union (ADSU) president Sanmoni Kemprai, Dimasa Students’ Community, Guwahati (DSCG) president Smt Subarna Haflongbar and DSCG general secretary Rajdeep Kemprai also demanded that the inquiry should be conducted by a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India and the inquiry should also deal with the aspect of “political conspiracy behind the carnage”.
The Dimasa student bodies’ demands also included measures to flush out the Hmar terrorists and to bring to book all those who were responsible for the March 31 incident, besides steps to prevent recurrence of such incidents in future and rehabilitation of the people affected by the March 31 incident. Sri Sanmoni Kemprai alleged that the March 31 incident was a product of the clandestine relation between the NSCN (IM) and the Hmar leaders and strong grounds were there to believe that the NSCN (IM) with a hegemonistic attitude, had instigated the HPC (D) for such type of crimes against the Dimasas.
In connection with the Cachar genocide, he said that during his visit to the affected villages of Chakercham, Methantal and Jurkhal, under Sonai PS of Dholai Legislative Assembly Constituency in Cachar District yesterday, the victim families had accused one ex-chairman of Barak Valley Hills Development Council, who had migrated to India from Myanmar in the recent past, of being the brain behind the March 31 incident. This person is now staying at Hmar-Khowlin village under Lakhimpur Sub-division of Cachar District. If security forces launch combing operations in this Cachar village and Moulhoi and Sorom Hmar villages in NC Hills District, the HPC (D) ultras will surely be found there sheltering, he claimed.
There was no provocation for the Hmar extremist outfit to commit such a crime from the Dimasas, he said and added that all the 28 persons abducted around 3-30 am of March 31 (April 1), 2003 from Chakercham, Methantal and Jurkhal villages by the HPC (D) were farmers. While bodies of 23 of the abducted persons were found in Mastul Hill on April 3, five of them are still traceless, Sri Kemprai said.
Meanwhile 48 families of these villages are sheltered at a camp at the Dhalai BNMP School, while 75 families are sheltered at the Ganganagar HS School, he apprised.
The dead have been identified as Satindra Barman (58), Manmohan Barman (60), Anil Barman (36), Sunil Barman (32), Nilu Barman (30), Manoj Barman (23), Binoy Barman (35), Niranjan Barman (58), Bidyut Barman (40) of Methantal village.
The slain ones from Chakerchan village included – Shasanka Barman (40), Ranjan Barman (35), Dhiren Barman (60), Tanu Barman (25), Anjan Barman (45), Lalu Barman alias Lalmohan (35), Arijit Barman (35), Anup Barman (40). One of the slain has been identified as Abhijit Barman (27) of Lantugram village, said a list supplied by Sri Kemprai to newspersons.
Activities of six organisations of the Dimasas — DSCG, ADSU, Greater Guwahati Dimasa-Kachari Association, Dimasa Mahila Samaj, Dimasa Association of Delhi and Dimasa Students’ Union, today staged a seven-hour sit-in-demonstration from 10 am, at Dispur Last Gate in protest against the Cachar massacre. The activists also demanded steps to make life and property of the Dimasas of Cachar and NC Hills Districts secure.
Leader of the Opposition in the State Assembly Brindaban Goswami, All Assam Students’ Union’s Samujjal Kumar Bhattacharyya and Amiya Kumar Bhuyan and Bodoland Legislature Party’s Pramila Rani Brahma, Biswajit Daimary and Matindra Basumatary visited the demonstrators.
> ADSU calls Dimasa area bandh today (Assam Tribune) By A Staff Reporter GUWAHATI, April 8 —The All Dimasa Students’ Union (ADSU) has given a call for a 12-hour down-to-dusk bandh in the Dimasa-dominated areas tomorrow, in protest against the March 31 (April 1), 2003 incident of abduction and subsequent mass killing of Dimasa people by the Hmar People’s Convention (Democratic) in Cachar District. Meanwhile, Bodoland Legislature Party (BDLP) legislator Pramila Rani Brahma today demanded in the State Assembly steps to trace out the Dimasa people who have remained traceless since their abduction by the HPC(D) or to retrieve their bodies. She also demanded extension of ex-gratia assistance to the families of these missing persons.
10 April 2003
> Haflong under 48 Hr curfew following incidents of torching of residential areas of the town — involvement of DHD and HPC ultras are suspected by police as evidence of use of AK-47 rifles etc. are detected. NC Hills ASDC leaders want immediate intervention from the central committee including physical visit by leaders including the 2 MLAs to study the explosive communal situation.
> 48-hr curfew in North Cachar – Sporadic clashes in strife-torn district (Telegraph) OUR CORRESPONDENT Silchar, April 9: A 48-hour curfew was today clamped in North Cachar Hills district of Assam following sporadic clashes during a 12-hour bandh called by the All-Dimasa Students’ Union (ADSU) in protest against the massacre by Hmar militants on March 31.
District magistrate Syed Iftiqar Hussain described the curfew, which took effect at 1 pm, as “a precautionary step to prevent breach of peace and tranquillity”.
Official sources in Haflong, the district headquarters, said they had received reports of Dimasas torching 20 Hmar huts in Retzawl, Mahur and Umrangshu. It is not known if there were any casualties in the incidents.
The army later arrested five Dimasa tribesmen for setting fire to houses near Mahur.
One person was injured in group clashes in the same area. Unconfirmed reports said two persons died in clashes near Umrangshu.
Security forces, including army teams, are patrolling the violence-prone areas to prevent reprisal by the Hmar community, whose population in the district is 12,000.
The bandh, called by the ADSU, affected life throughout North Cachar Hills, but its impact was minimal in the Dimasa-inhabited areas of adjoining Cachar, Nagaon and Karbi Anglong districts. In Cachar, only Dimasa-inhabited areas of Joypur, Udarbond and Borkhola blocks were affected by the bandh.
Dimasa activists picketed in front of the offices of the Cachar deputy commissioner, the inspector of schools and the district agriculture officer. The police arrested 35 of the protesters when they tried to disrupt work in these offices.
An army official said Haflong and Cachar district were calm, but tension continues to grip the interior areas of North Cachar Hills.
The administration is trying to persuade the Hmar refugees staying in relief camps at Markhawlien to return to their villages in North Cachar Hills district.
Nearly 40 such families today left under police escort. As many as 523 Dimasa refugees who had deserted their homes in Cachar’s Thaligram area were sent back yesterday.
On Sunday, chief minister Tarun Gogoi made an impassioned appeal for restraint from the Hmar and Dimasa communities and asked those who had fled their villages to return home and start life afresh.
Addressing inmates of refugee camps at Hmarkhawlien and Dholai, Gogoi said his government would ensure their safety if they returned home. He announced Rs 1 lakh each in compensation to the families of the 24 Dimasa tribesmen who were slain by Hmar militants.
11 April 2003
> Guwahati, Friday, April 11, 2003 Non-Dimasas fleeing NC Hills after DHD threat (Assam Tribune) From Satananda Bhattacharjee/ SILCHAR, April 10 – The situation of Barak Valley, North Cachar Hills and a part of Manipur bordering Cachar district is still tense following the Dimasa-Hmar ethnic clash which killed 28 people during the last few days. A fear psychosis has gripped the people of these places. All the non-Dimasa people are leaving North Cachar Hills following the threat from the Dimasa outfit Dima Halam Daogah (DHD). It can be mentioned here that the Dimasa-Cacharis are the Indo-Mongoloids and belong to the Bodo group of people and linguistically belonging to the Tibeto-Burman family.
On the other hand, leaders of both the communities have appealed to the people to maintain peace and harmony and to create a friendly relationship. The appeal was signed jointly by T Sanokhum, president, Hmar National Union, Assam, Lugur Sunthang, chairman, Barak Valley Hill Tribes Development Council, Uttam Chand Barman, vice-president, Dimasa Sahitya Sabha, Assam and Nagaland and Amal Kanti Barman, ex-chairman, ST Development Board, Barak Valley in presence of Speaker of Assam Legislative Assembly Prithvi Majhi, Commissioner of Hills and Barak Valley Division C K Sarma, MP Santosh Mohan Deb, Rajya Sabha member Karnendu Bhattacharjee, minister MI Laskar, DGP HK Deka, DIG NN Dutta, MLA Bimalangshu Roy and the representatives of various political parties.
Meanwhile the Dimasa Sahitya Sabha has demanded the arrest of Hmar leader T Sanokhum, who is also a surrendered notorious terrorist, for allegedly influencing communal violence by the Hmar People’s Convention (HPC-D). Considering the present situation, the Director General of Police Hare Krishna Deka has decided to open police outposts in the trouble hit areas in Cachar district and the first outpost will be set up in Chekarcham and Lambabasti soon. More police personnel will also be deployed in the bordering areas of Cachar district, informed police sources. It is learnt that the Government of Assam is also considering to deploy army personnel in North Cachar Hills and Manipur bordering areas of Cachar district.
DHD has intensified its activities in the North Cachar Hills and has served indirect quit notices to almost all the non-Dimasa people. Undeclared curfew like situation in the district has created fear psychosis among the non-Dimasas and they are secretly leaving the district. Thousands of people belonging to Hmar and Kuki community have left Haflong and have taken shelter into Lumding reportedly fearing retaliation from the Dimasa community. On Sunday last two Naga girls were killed by the DHD ultras and many were kidnapped from the Lumding-bound Tripura passenger train. They also looted and injured many passengers in the Cachar Express train also and later the NF Railway cancelled all the trains running via Haflong for security reasons indefinitely. The four organisations of Kuki and Hmar have alleged that the large number of people of their communities are still traceless from these trains and feared that they have been killed by the DHD militants. The four Hmar organisations in a memorandum to the Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi have clearly held the DHD ultras responsible for the killing of innocent people and urged to take stringent action against the culprits.
The Cachar district committee of Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) has demanded the immediate arrest of culprits otherwise they will resort to massive agitation throughout the district. AGP has alleged that the police has not arrested ten culprits even after submitting FIR against them. The party has also alleged the shortage of relief materials in the refugee camps of Dhalai and Nikama. The Silchar Foodgrains Merchants Association have yesterday distributed some relief materials among the refugees of Chekarcham, Jorkhal and Metnerthal relief camps. Free medicines were also distributed today in these camps by a team of doctors from Silchar Medical College Hospital. The Chief Executive Member of North Cachar Hills Autonomous District Council Purnendu Langthasa has also visited the trouble-hit areas yesterday.
> Guwahati, Friday, April 11, 2003—Tension continues to grip NC Hills/Assam Tribune/By A Staff Reporter/ GUWAHATI, April 10— Tension continues to grip the minority Hmar community people who have been under attack from Dimasa ultras of the Dima Halong Daogah (DHD) in different parts of the North Cachar Hill district even as the Centre has been requested to rush additional force and an expert counter insurgency team there. Hundreds of Hmar tribal people have fled their villages in the district out of fear of attack from the Dimasas who are apparently avenging killings of Dimasas by the Hmar People’s Convention (HPC) extremists in Cachar district areas.
The district administration in North Cachar was forced to clamp 48-hour curfew in the entire district from 1 pm yesterday in the wake of series of brutal attacks launched by marauding DHD ultras on Hmar hamlets in different areas including Saron village under Mahur police station, Retzawl village about 16 km away from Haflong and Boro Moutha under Harangajao Police Station.
Sources in Haflong informed that a large number of panic-stricken Hmar people have take refuge at Mouhoi area in Haflong which is being guarded by only a few Assam Police personnel, fearing more attacks from DHD militants.
Talking to The Assam Tribune this afternoon, Deputy Commissioner Syed Iftekhar Hussain, however, claimed that there was no report of fresh attacks on Hmars today. The curfew was relaxed for four hours from 8 a.m. to 12 noon today in Maibong area. In order to defuse the palpable tension in the district the Deputy Commissioner today organised a meeting between leaders of Dimasa and Hmar tribes as well as the local church leaders at Haflong circuit house this afternoon.
The Deputy Commissioner informed that the meeting was attended by the self-styled commander-in-chief of the DHD, which declared ceasefire with Government of India on December 31 last, on behalf of Dimasas. The DHD leader Pranab Nunisa agreed with the representatives of the Hmar community and Church leaders that both sides should ensure that no more violent attack on each other took place in the district so that peace could be restored.
Deputy Commissioner Hussain informed that representatives of both the communities pledged in the meeting that they would issue separate statements condemning attacks on each other and condoling the deaths so far. He hoped that this would go a long way in improving the situation. State Police IGP Gunottom Bhuyan and DIG Umesh Kumar also participated in the meeting.
The official informed that so far the clashes between both the communities claimed lives of eight Hmar tribals and one Dimasa tribal while many houses were razed to ground in different parts of the district. He informed that the on-going clashes resulted in displacement of over 150 Dimasas and over 1600 Hmar people in sharp contrast to the reports appearing in the media putting these figures in thousands. He informed that the district administration had adequate force personnel to tackle the crisis even as the Army have been engaged in law and order duty to contain ethnic violence.
Our Staff Correspondent from New Delhi adds: The Union government was asked to rushed an expert counter insurgency group to the troubled North Cachar Hill district along with additional Central Para-military forces (CPMF) as palpable tension prevailing in the area could turn into an ugly civil strife.
Raising the issue in the Lok Sabha during the Zero Hour, Mohan Deb said that innocent people belonging to the Dimasa community as well as the tea executives living in isolated pockets and in Cachar and adjoining N C Hills district were living in constant fear as they are considered soft targets. As it is the tea executives working in the tea gardens located in remote areas have been abducted from time to time.
The people of the area were living in constant fear ever since security forces were withdrawn from the area, the MP representing Silchar Lok Sabha seat said. Stating that he apprehended a major civil strife in the area, Sri Deb said that though Assam government was trying to cope with the situation absence of adequate security forces has been major handicap. The difficult terrain has added on to the problem for the State forces, he added.
Consequent upon the attacks, lot of innocent people have taken shelter in the relief camps set up by Assam Government, he added. Calling for help from the Centre, Sri Deb said that it should act before things become unmanageable. He sought immediate deployment of additional forces from the Centre besides a visit by the an expert team from Delhi besides adequate security measures including setting up border observation post along the inter-State border.
> Clashes, arson in NC Hills, toll rises (Telegraph)OUR CORRESPONDENT /Silchar, April 10: Two persons were killed and over 100 houses set ablaze in fresh clashes between the Hmar and Dimasa communities in North Cachar Hills district of Assam, where a 48-hour curfew has been in force since yesterday.
Suspected Dimasa militants set fire to 10 houses at Heronbasti near Umrangshu. Armed Dimasas set ablaze another 25 huts in neighbouring Rekzol and 72 houses in the remote Saranbasti village. The toll in the clashes since March 31 has risen from 24 to 32.
Police sources in Haflong said there was heavy exchange of fire between armed groups at Saranbasti. However, there were no casualties.
Union minister of state for home I.D. Swami will visit the state on Saturday for an “on-the-spot assessment” of the situation in Cachar and the North Cachar Hills. BJP Legislature Party leader Bimalangshu Roy today said deputy Prime Minister L.K. Advani informed him over phone two days ago that Swami would be touring the twin strife-torn districts.
Roy said the Centre was “very concerned” over the spate of violent incidents, starting with the massacre of 24 Dimasas by Hmar militants on March 31.
Accompanied by a team of senior home ministry officials, Swami will visit Cachar and North Cachar Hills on an IAF chopper and later hold a meeting with chief minister Tarun Gogoi. Though no untoward incident was reported over the past 24 hours, the situation in Cachar and North Cachar Hills remained far from normal. The army said another carnage could have taken place in Mahur block of North Cachar Hills district yesterday had its troops not been on maximum alert.
A senior army official said Dimasa youths had attacked Hmar and Kuki tribesmen at Sharon and Samban villages, but “speedy deployment of troops” prevented a massacre. He said columns of the Red Shield Division rushed to the villages from different directions and took control of the situation.
Veterinary minister G.C. Langthasa, who is from the Dimasa tribe, told The Telegraph that he planned to form peace committees comprising representatives of the warring communities. The Hmar community of Manipur is preparing to welcome hundreds of fellow tribesmen displaced during the clashes in south Assam. Nearly 500 Hmars are on their way to Imphal via Dimapur in six buses, adds our Imphal correspondent.
26 April 2003
> KRA utlras (with the blessings of Nagaland) tortures Karbi and Nepali villagers in Lungit areas — 20 armed ultras with face paints around 12-30 pm stormed the house of one Ghising Nepali where one Longkoi Bey, SGB, Mohendijua was alsao called for torture. Later Dhansing Rongphar, a villager was also brutally tortured. They were demanding ‘tax’ to be deposited by 28th May at Kholin village. The Ghising villagers have already abandoned their village to Longkoi Bey village/Mohendijua for shelter. One Langtuk Bey was tortured brutally at Kholin, Kuki village at 3-00 pm and asked Karbis and Dimasa not to come to the Singhason hills for cultivation. Sentinel (10 May) carreied the news under caption “KRA assaults non-Kukis”. The KRA rejoinder by Zet Kuki, Secy. Publicity and Information Wing, appeared in the Sentinel (23 May) under the caption “KRA claims Singhason not for Kukis only” denying KRA involvement of beating up of non-Kukis like Boro, Dimasa, Karbi and Nepali etc. One Major Colen of the KRA on hearing the news visited the Ghising Basti on and beat up Thangkhosen Kuki and Pohen Kuki for helping raise Rs. 500/- per household for some”irresponsible groups” which had served notices of tax to 26 Kuki villagers.
> Sikari Lama, an ex-armyman, was kidnapped by KRA sometime back asking him to bring the “tax” of Rs. 3 Lakhs and during his detention overheard the KRA extremists discussing the killing him (Lama) and also take the money (tax). Lama understood Kuki language and sensing danger extricated himself from bondage and on the spur of the moment seized the AK-47 rfiles from his captors and fired at the extremists killing 2 on the sapot. Lama later decamped with the arm and deposited it to the Manja outpost. Since then, Lama with family had left Karbi Anglong for some unknown safer place. This has led to the present KRA threats. Lama’s daughter is married to one Sonsing Kro of Borjan, Lungnit. In another incident, one Kuki was found beheaded in a depp jungle. The date could not be ascertained.
27 April 2003
> 6 masked DHD cadres — armed with sophisticated weapons threaten VDPs at Manja market (night)
29 April 2003
KRA ultras threatened one Khoiya Timung of Jari Teron village not to tell UPDS — of the KRA movements or face action.
9 May 2003
> Curfew reimposed in NC Hills following tension after killing of 2 DHD cadres
12 May 2003
> Hmar leader Vanlai LinjaoToulour and Normendu (son of GC Langthasa) killed in Haflong in two daylight vengeance killings — Lienjao was standing in the office varandah when three gunmen opened fire and killed him on the spot around 10-20 am. In another incident which ocurred at around 12-30 pm, three gunmen travelling in an autorickshaw opened fire from close range killing Normendu Langthasa (35) on way to hospital. Normendu (son of Minister GC Langthasa) and wife were waiting in a parked car to pick up their daughter from St. Agnes Convent High School.
16 May 2003
> CM visit NC Hills — following the killings of Langthasa’s son and a Hmar leader — army had been deployed amidst continuing violence and heightened tension. People of both the communities were roaming the town of Haflong with matchets and sharp weapons in the night even as round the clock curfew was imposed. CM had a meeting with the police and the army to control the situation. He also visited the bereaved families. The NC Hills Autonomous Council leaders also met the CM urging him to constitute peace committees. CM promised to provide rehabilitation for the affected people. CM was accompanied by Chief Secretary JP Rajkhowa, DGP HK Deka, IGP (SB) Khogen Sharma, Home Commissioner BK Gohain.
17 May 2003
> NDFB abducts 5 in KA (Asian Age-18 May) — from Patharkuari when one Kumar Singh alongwith 4 others with trucks NL-04A- 3285 & ASN-2221 went to collect stones near Manja. Police also confirmed the presence of Manipur’s Kuki Revolutionary Army engaged in anti-social activities.
22 May 2003
> BLT chief Hagrama accompanied by SK Bwismuthiary, MP(LS) and MLAs — Pramila Rani Brahma, Kamali Basumatary, Romeo Brahma etc.— in a convoy of 38 vehicles visit Cachar refugee camps — in a bid to woo the Dimasas and DHD to win their support for Clause-8 of BTC — DHD has joined hands with the BLT on the issue.
26 May 2003
> NDFB kidnapped one Shankar Shah alias Lal Bihari — from Manja since 17th May is yet to be traced and people are blaming Manja Police for its failure to retreive the person.
> KRA extremists torture Laldara Karbi villagers 10 kms from Manja — left of Rongthelu under Bokajan Police Station. According to report, 9 armed and uniformed KRA extremists suddenly appeared at 3 am, broke open the door of the thatched houses where 12 Karbi labourers from Manja, Dillai, Silonijan were staying asking them to line up, kneel down with face down and tortured them with bamboo batons. Four of the victims are identified as — Sarthe Lekthe (28), s/o Mukhim, Lai Teron (25), s/o late Pang-e, Sarthe Teron (20), s/o late On Teron (all of 9 mile, Rongkimi, Manja) and Julie Timung of Kamala Bagan (Rongthelu). Two aged men from Silonijan are said to be severely injured.
14 June 2003
> Peace agreement between Hmar-Dimasa — in presence of senior Congress minister Bhumidhar Burman including 8 other ministerial colleagues who had a two-day tour of the district. The team included PWD Minister Sarat Barkatoky and Cooperative Minister Misbahul Islam Laskar — a “Peace Monitoring Cell” was formed in the Circuit House taking all ethnic representatives including Khaosen thang Hmar of “Hmar Impui” and Boim Langthasa of “Jadike Naisu Hanom”. Purrnendu Langthasa, CEM, NCHAC was Chairman and the committee included 3 representatives each from Hmar and Dimasa and 1 each from 12 other ethinc groups. But people feel without any peace understanding between HPC(D) and DHD, the attempt may prove counterproductive. Schools are to reopen from 16 June but some of them occupied by refugees may delay reopenning ahead of the scheduled exams etc. as informed by Saiyad Iftikhar Hussain, PS, NCHAC.
15 June 2003
> Kuki supports Clause-8 and reitereates demand for Kuki Tribes’ Autonomous Regional Council — riding on the backl of the BANNER organsiation, estd. 1994, 23 May in a delegate conference representing 20 fraternal organisations. Kuki Women’s Association has declared full support to the Clause-8. In a tripartite talks between Kuki National Assembly, KAAC and the State govt. in 1994 and as its outcome had appoitned a ‘One-Man Commission’ to study the feasibility of the demand. The report was submitted in 1995. The DC/KA also submitted a report to the Govt. in 1996. A three ministerial sub-committees were constituted. The KAAC earmarked 5% for development of Kuki areas. Recently, Govt. of Assam called for the views of KAAC. The Kuki organisations had called for Governor’s intervention into the matter. (Hills Times reporting — Vol. IV dated 16-6-03)
20 June 2003
> Hmar-Dimasa clash — Army kills 6 HPC(D) extremists at Faileng village near Haflong —another extremist was also killed at Neitang area in Cachar yesterday.
> 30 sq. KM of Karbi Anglong in Meghalaya — under Khanduli Forest. Meghalaya govt. has a Police Check Post 7 kms inside Karbi Anglong of Assam. This border infringement by Meghalaya started way back in 1983-84 (Natun Dainik 21 June). Already 24 families have been forced to flee while an LP School building, Eri Farm and PWD Inspection Bungalow have also been occupied by Meghalaya.
23 June 2003
> Assam-Meghalaya border dispute panel formed — (Nagaland Post-24 June) — A special committee comprising officials of both the Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council and Karbi Anglong Autonomous District Council was set up yesterday to go into the boundary dispute in the Block-I and Block-II areas along Assam-Meghalaya interstate border. The committee was constituted at a meeting held between the two district councils at Khanduli inspection bungalow on Saturday. This is the follow up of the high-level meeting between Meghalaya Chief Minister DD Lapang and his Assam counterpart Tarun Gogoi at Dispur on April 26 this year according to CEM of Jaintia Hills ADC Mr Syiam who attended the meeting. Syiam also said that ‘several Karbi setllers are living peacefully in the Ratacherra area of the Jaintia Hills and also in the Ri-bhoi district of Meghalaya without being disturbed from any quarter’. But he complained of UPDS/KNV atrocities on Pnar (Jaintia) cultivators in the ‘disputed areas’. The press also mentioned about ‘six Pnar villagers butchered by suspected Karbi terrorists last month in Mookroh village which falls within the disputed area in the Jaintia Hills.’
26 June 2003
Meghalaya-Assam border — Fact-finding body constituted — (27 June/North East Age) jointly by KAAC and JHADC for conducting a joint survey of the disputed areas on Assam-Meghalaya border and the report shall be submitted to the respective CMs within the next 3 months. The committee is headed by KAAC Chairman George Millick, Bidyasing Ingleng-MLA, Mangalsing Ingt-EM and Harsing Teron-Dy. Secy. and Meghalya is represented by M. Suchiang (Higher Edn Minister), S. Garod (EM-Rev., JHADC) and J Kharsiing, MLA-Khanduli. The meeting of both the councils was at Khanduli on saturday which decided to form the committee for joint survey of the disputed areas on the basis of the Survey of India Report of 1950. More than 300 sq. km. under Block-I & II areas on the border has been the bone of contention since the creation of Meghalaya in 1971. The KAAC also proposed to construct a road on the border on the expense of both the states.
30 June 2003
> UPDS blanket ban on ginger cultivation — in the Singhason (Khonbamon/Porbot) area as announced in the latest publication of its mouthpiece ‘Hemprek Kangthim’ wherein it said the step was necessitated to protect biodiversity and environment. The ginger cultivation was hit hard by similar such bansa on earlier occasions too. Going by the UPDS mouthpiece, the ban will continue through next year as well.
14 July 2003
> UPDS (ceasefire) cadre killed at Diphu —by a combined police-CRPF raid at 6 mile at the house of the outfit’s Vice-Chairman Ke-ap Tisso’s native home after midnight killing the ailing body-guard point-blank and later calling the unprovoked stage-maneged encounter as ‘police response to violation of ground-rules’ by the outfit.
20 July 2003
> KRA active in Singhason — police raided Ladhera Kuki village but failed to nab the extremists.
4 July 2003
‘Karbi Service Station’ Petrol Pump employee killed — by DHD ultras when they fired indiscriminately killing Yadav (35) and injuring one Jain (25) before escaping around 7-30 pm. Media blames UPDS Hawks but even police insiders point towards the DHD. During the attack, the glass panel of the petrol pump shatterred completely. No arrests made.
5 Aug 2003
> Police Riders’ Squad fired upon by DHD bike-borne assailants — at Diphu, Amolapaty and escaped as the firing ‘alerted local public denying the police to retaliate’. The police rider squad was in place since July 20 as a counter measure against the frequent incidents of bomb-blasts in the town. Motor-cycle-borne armed policemen with black-scarfs around their necks had been terrorising the common people instead, conducting random checking, harrassments and on many occasions resorting to physical assaults. The rider squads appear in the evening making the rounds of the streets throughout the suburbs of the main town to check infiltration of ultras but at night the squad retires early leaving the town lawless.
> Dead DHD hard-core Giladao Dimasa (25) identified by Dilip Nunisa— Dy C-in-C at Diphu Civil Hospital, the cadre was killed on 4 Aug at around 12-30 pm in a mob resistance strike-back when 4-5 DHD ultras went to Lamsakhang Bihari area in a routine extortion drive. The other ultras managed to escape. One Panilal Chouhan, a local businessman was the target of extortion.
9 Aug 2003
> DHD abducts Subrata Roy (local journalist) — at Dhansiri while he was returning from Bokajan to Diphu by Passenger Train at around 8 pm
> DHD abducts Mahatma Chaudhury — from Patharkuala railway stn. under Lumding PS in Nowgoan dist. thursday night. (Asian Age)
11 Aug 2003
>DHD explodes grenade at Birla daily market — near Diphu at night but no injuries reported. This explosion happened amidst the ongoing police ‘security measures’ with regular random checking, arrest and frisking continued since mid-July.
12 Aug 2003
> DHD abducts Ksitish Das (50) from Barabasti — a village adjecent to KA and NC Hills asking him to collect money on DHD’s behalf under Lumding PS areas. The abduction led to random arrests from nearby Karbi villages.
26 Aug 2003
Kuki National Army kidnaps 2 from Longnit — when 25 members of the outfit in army fatigue and armed with sophisticated weapons appeared in the market area and picked a tea-stall owner and a Congress worker around 7-30 pm.
14 Oct 2003
> NDFB-DHD gang up in harrassing Karbi villagers in Doldoli areas — firing shots, beating up Karbis in the Karbi villages looking for UPDS (Cease) cadres.
> DHD resort to firing and terrrorising Karbis at Loringlangso — 18 cadres of DHD fully armed to the teeth (carrying grenade launcher) and in full battle uniform appeared in the Karbi village at around 5 am in the morning — rebuked with choicest communally provocative words and challenged them to face for sheltering UPDS. The cadres marched through Loringlangso to Ram Hanse, Sarthe Engleng and Rongpi arong and 31 villagers were assaulted and humiliated. About 100 rounds were fired at Loringlangso.
16 Oct 2003
> DHD cadres terrorise Karbi villages under Dhansiri-Doldoli —forcing nearly 70% villagers to flee from Loringlangso, Jensing Teron, Ram Hanse, Rongpi and Sarthe Engleng. The DHD cadres are resorting to firing and physical harrasments. Some girls trying to escape through Dhansiri were returned back as DHD cadres reprotedly asked them either to wear Dimasa dress or churidar.
> Communal tension is brewing and the DHD cadres are reported to be celebrating victory and taunting Karbi villagers.
> The Dhansiri-Dillai Border Areas Welfare Society — all party Karbi association is submitting memorandum to the DC tomorrow.
17 Oct 2003
> Dhansiri-Dillai Border Areas Welfare Society submits memo against DHD attacks on innocent Karbis— to the KA Dep.Com to intervene in the Doldoli firing and terrorising of Karbi villagersby DHD at Loringlangso on 14 Oct. Public meeting or procession disallowed by the district administration. The memo demanded — 1. Confine DHD cadres to their designated camp or close such camps if atrocities continue; 2. Remove signboards proclaiming Eastern Dimaraji in Dhansiri areas that may lead to communal tension; 3. High level judicial probe on the 14 Oct incident of firing and all atrocities committed by DHD since last 3 years; 4. Flush out NDFB militants active in Doldoli and action initiated to those sheltering militants; 5. Immediate halt to timber smuggling by anti-social elements and 6. Stop all extortions by extremists. DDBAWS also mentioned names of persons tortured by DHD — Digen Ingti (34)0-S/o Lt Kathar, Lazar Phangcho (48)-S/o Lt Simon, Binoy Phangcho (26)-S/o Lt Langtuk, Gender Killing (35), Kamson Killing (26) Rajen Hanse (33)-S/o Lt Kirbansing, Babu Hanse (40)-S/o Lt Khora, Robin Tokbi (75), Hondorsing Engleng (14)-S/o Khorsing and Rensing Bey (19)-S/o Sarsing. On 9th Oct, NDFB tortured Jensing Kramsa (19), S/o Langtuk of Desoi Rongpi vill at 3 pm, Rajen Terang (26) and Moheswar Tisso (25) of Doldoli at 3-30 pm. Again on 13 Oct, NDFB cadres beat up Dhansing Killing and Babu Bey of Hanse Gaon. Meanwhile, Bidyasing Engleng-MLA and Bhupen Hasnu-EM/KAAC had met the SP regarding the incident.
20 Oct 2003
> Dimasa Mohila Samaj, All Dimasa Students’ Union along with Boro Liberation Tiger, All Boro Women’s Welfare Federation —expressed their concern over the incident. > ABSU express ‘shock’ over the incident — as ‘the miscreants warned the villagers of dire consequences if they revealed the matter’. Also expressed concern over the retaliatory action taken by the DHD and NDFB (as alleged by an NGO) through which hundreds of Karbi people are affected. The release added that ABSU will stand vanguard against the devilish design of UPDS involving the Bodo population in their fight against the DHD. ABSU also appealed all political parties and organisations not to take political advantage out of the Dhansiri situation and requested both UPDS and DHD to refrain from further action. It demanded adequate compensation and security.
21 Oct 2003
> DHD suspects possibility of ‘third party’ invovlement in the rape incident — and possible culprit “Phangcho” is identified who committed the crime in ‘full uniform’ which contradicts UPDS claim that none of its cadres were in uniform. The scope to settle the UPDS-DHD conflict as projected by the press and the police is now widening. But it is yet to make this finding public.
30 Oct 2003
> Kukis threaten stir over home district (Telegraph) OUR CORRESPONDENT Imphal, Oct. 29: The Kukis of Manipur today reiterated their 30-year-old demand for a separate home district of Sadar Hills in Senapati district, threatening to launch a series of agitation including bandhs and economic blockades in all the hill districts of the state soon.
The reiteration came close on the heels of Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s trip to neighbouring Nagaland during which the Nagas of Manipur showed their solidarity to the demand for integration of all Naga-inhabited areas in the region. Nagas and the Kukis have a running feud over territory and Kukis say that the Nagas are claiming land belonging to them.
A public meeting organised by the Sadar Hills District Demand Committee at Thomas Ground of Kangpokpi in Senapati district today made scathing attacks on successive Manipur governments for “denying the rightful demands of the Kukis and other communities” living in Sadar Hills areas.
The speakers at the meeting included forest and environment minister Chungkhokai Doungel, tribal development minister Gnamthang Haokip, Opposition MLA Thangminlien Kipgen, former Lok Sabha MP Kim Gangte and P. Gangte, president of Kuki Inpi Manipur, the apex body of the Kuki tribe, besides all prominent Kuki leaders.
Sentiments ran high in the meeting, which unanimously resolved to launch a series of agitation including bandhs and economic blockades in all the hill districts if the state government failed to consider its demand soon.
The meeting further demanded reinstallation of government offices at Kangpokpi, which were closed sometimes back. The meeting entrusted the demand committee and other social organisations to carry out the resolutions adopted today.
In another resolution, the meet condemned the state government’s “stepmotherly treatment” toward the Kukis. The demand committee has been favouring creation of Sadar Hills district comprising three sub-divisions of Kangpokpi, Saikul and Saitu-Gamphojol. The Sadar Hills has a total population of nearly 1.5 lakh.
All the three ruling and Opposition MLAs joined hands in condemning the state government in the meet. Kuki Inpi president P. Gangte stressed the need to take up rehabilitation work of Kukis affected in the Kuki-Naga ethnic clashes. Demand committee president Haokholen Guite appealed to public organisations like United Committee, Manipur (UCM) to extend support to the demand of the Kukis.
3 Nov 2003
Kuki attack at Thekerajan Karbi settlement—50 Karbi houses flee to Langbungdingpi 4 pm evening due to attack by ‘Kuki Revolutionary Army’ (KRA).
> 31 Oct — KRA demanded a pair of cattles or 10 chickens brought to Leikot camp by 1 Nov. which the Thekerajan villagers (mostly Cong ) refused and resolved to resist such atrocitites.
> 1 Nov — KRA started terrorising the villagers as they had refused its demands.
> 2 Nov — KRA abducted 30 Karbi villagers and demanded of UPDS (anti) to hand over ‘10 abducted Kuki villagers’ in exchange. Acording to DC, only 7 (Seven) are now in KRA custody. But one Lunse Hanse is belived to have been killed. His blood soaked cloths recovered.
> Tales of atrocities by KRA using small Karbi children as ‘human-shield’ to ward off counter attack by UPDS reported.
> At lease 7 Karbi villages torched and about 200 inmates forced to flee in a combined attack of Kuki extremists and Kuki villagers since 1 Nov.
> Fleeing vilagers taking shelter in relatives’ houses in several areas of Phuloni, Tarabasa, Bakulia, Lungnit etc.
7 Nov 2003
> Kidnapped Karbi youths killed (Pratidin report) — Lison Hanse (15), s/o Barika of vill. Sarthe Ke-ap and Kangbura Timung (17), s/o Asot of Sarthe Ke-ap had been confirmed as killed by KRA abductors. The highly decomposed bodies with shirts and pants were recovered by police. Police agrees that it is impossible to exactly know of the incidents in the dense interior.
11 Nov 2003
Karbi hills brace for rebel war — (Telegraph) SARAT SARMA/ Nagaon, Nov. 10: The stand-off between the militant United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS) and the Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA) seems to be headed for a violent climax with the Karbi Anglong administration yet to broker a truce between the warring groups.
Tension mounted as the deadline set by the KRA for the release of six Kukis abducted by the rival group ended this evening.
The crisis began when the UPDS, which professes to represent the Karbi population, abducted six Kuki tribals last month. Its rival retaliated by taking 12 Karbis hostage.
The KRA threatened to kill the hostages, abducted from Thekerajan on November 3, if the Karbi militant group did not free the six Kukis by today.
The Kuki group recently announced an operation codenamed “Volcano” against the UPDS, accusing it of killing, raping and abducting members of the non-Karbi communities.
A source in Diphu said security forces were searching for the abducted persons in the hilly interiors, while the civil administration was trying to involve village heads of both communities in the efforts to broker a truce.
Karbi Anglong superintendent of police P.A. Kuddus said an official team met Kuki village heads yesterday and urged them to request the KRA to free the Karbi hostages. “The hostages have probably not been harmed because the KRA knows the consequences will be terrible.”
The district administration will ask Karbi village heads to make a similar appeal to the UPDS.
Deputy inspector general of police M. Agarwala, camping in Diphu since Saturday, said security had been beefed up in the Kuki-inhabited areas near the Singhasan Hill.
He attributed the police’s failure to trace the whereabouts of the hostages to the inaccessibility of the hilly interiors. The only way to reach these areas is on foot.
Though the district remained in the grip of tension, no untoward incident was reported during the 10-hour Karbi Anglong bandh called jointly by Autonomous State Demand Committee, the CPI (M-L) and the Karbi Students Union in protest against the abductions by the KRA.
The KRA’s announced an offensive against the UPDS after the anti-talks faction of the Karbi group gunned down a leader of the Dokmoka village defence committee.
KRA publicity secretary Zet Kuki said his organisation had been restraining itself in deference to the “historical relationship” between the Karbi and Kuki communities, but warned of an all-out operation if the UPDS did not call a halt to “atrocities” on non-Karbi residents of Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills.
12 Nov 2003
> KRA-UPDS feud peaks; 3 killed, four abducted — (Sentinel/13 Nov) 3 children were charred when ‘an armed UPDS group with faces covered descended at Main Tilla area at about 9 am today and set fire to a house of a Thadao family. The elders managed to escape but three children — Phangmi Thadao, Vahuel Thadao and Kamboy Basumatary — were charred to death.’ Earlier yesterday, Karbi youths, led by Rahul Teron, Robert Teron and Sarthe Timung, armed with machetes, lathis and firearms reached the Baptist English School in Manja and entered the examination hall, where the students were sitting for their clasas X selection tests. Four Kuki students — Paominthang Tuboi, Kaiminlal Tuboi, Haojakam Thangeo and Mangboi Guite — were abducted from the hall. A female student, Hoishi Lunkim narrowly managed to escape from the clutches of the abductors. Sources said that the college going students of Diphu Govt. College were threatened by the Karbi youths, which forced the Kuki students to remain absent from their examinations.
> Kuki backlash in Karbi hub–Rebels torch rows of huts, abduct villagers (Telegraph) OUR CORRESPONDENT Nagaon, Nov. 11: Militants of the Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA) compounded the ethnic feud in Assam’s Karbi Anglong district by torching rows of huts in two Karbi-inhabited villages and taking several residents hostage.
The incidents took place in Lunglit and Tisang Gaon this morning. CRPF and police contingents rushed to the two villages and prevented the situation from taking a turn for the worse, but the assailants fled to the nearby Singhasan Hill, known to be a haven for militants.
Police sources said KRA militants carrying sophisticated weapons trooped into the two Karbi villages around 8 am and ordered the villagers to gather at one spot. After the villagers assembled there, the militants set fire to their huts and tortured them. This continued until the CRPF and the police reached the twin villages.
Additional deputy commissioner P.C. Das and senior police officials later reached the area with reinforcements. Deputy inspector-general of police (southern range) Mukesh Agarwal, too, visited the strife zone.
The KRA attack on the Karbi villages came a day after the end of the deadline set by the rebel group for the release of six Kukis abducted by the rival United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS).
A police source in Diphu, the headquarters of Karbi Anglong district, said the search for the abducted villagers was continuing. He said security had been beefed up in areas in the vicinity of Singhasan Hill.
The police attribute their failure to trace the whereabouts of the hostages to the inaccessibility of the hilly interiors. The only way to reach these areas is on foot.
The crisis in Karbi Anglong began when the UPDS, which professes to represent the Karbi population, abducted six Kuki tribesmen last month. Its rival retaliated by taking 12 Karbis hostage.
The KRA threatened to kill the hostages, abducted from Thekerajan on November 3, if the Karbi militant group did not free the six Kukis by yesterday evening.
The Kuki group recently announced an operation codenamed “Volcano” against the UPDS, accusing it of killing, raping and abducting members of the non-Karbi communities.
The KRA announced the offensive after the anti-talks faction of the UPDS gunned down a leader of the Dokmoka village defence committee. The Kuki group said it had been restraining itself in deference to the “historical relationship” between the Karbi and Kuki communities.
13 Nov 2003
> Peace Committee formed at Circuit House 5 pm — in an all party/organsations/community representatives’ meeting chaired by DC. IG, DGP (Central/Western Range), SP, MP, MLAs, CEM, EMs (Mangalsing Ingti, Ramsing Ingti, Sum Ronghang, Semson Surin), Chairman, MACs (Pradip Singnar, Chomang Kro, Elwin Teron), ML (Chandra Kt Terang, Daniel Teron, Bidya Teron), Congress (Birensing Ingti), Anil Basumatary, All Adivasi Students Association of Assam, KSA (Pankaj Teron) and others about 78 people including journalists (Mukul, Rameswar Chauhan and Roy) were present. The DC will be chairman and SP will be convenor of the Peace Committee. It was decided that sensitive and vulnerable areas including the affected villages will be toured by the Peace Committee members and the first such meeting will be held at Koilajan under Bokajan LAC on 15th November and the team will leave Diphu at 8 am.
> Upen Ingti, President, ASDC Special Committee held by police and released — when he alongwith 9 others met with the police at Cheksolangso area on hearing that a Karbi woman was hacked to death by Muki miscreants. (Later confirmed that Upen Ingti is son of Ramsing Ingti-EM who together with his gang went to the area in a sumo. The sumowas detained by police)
14 Nov 2003
> Diphu clash stirs ethnic cauldron (Telegraph) OUR BUREAU Nov. 13: Ethnic violence spiralled in Assam’s Karbi Anglong district with three Kuki tribesmen being killed even as public organisations in neighbouring Meghalaya urged chief minister D.D. Lapang to rein in Karbi militants active in the border areas.
Suspected Karbi militants torched five huts belonging to Kukis and killed three persons near Diphu Polytechnic, close to Diphu town, last night.
A police official in Diphu said the offensive was suspected to be by the anti-talks faction of the United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS). “After carrying out the attack, the rebels fled the spot. The police arrived later,” the official said.
The Kuki Revolutionary Army had recently launched Operation Volcano against the UPDS. But the anti-talks faction of the Karbi militant group had retaliated with its own Operation Super Volcano against the Kuki outfit. Suspected Karbi militants have also unleashed a reign of terror in the Jaintia (Pnar)-inhabited areas under block I of Karbi Anglong. This is threatening to snowball into a major ethnic feud, with thousands of Pnar villagers “vowing to avenge the killings” by UPDS extremists on Sunday.
Suspected UPDS militants had carried out a sudden assault on Pnars residing in Lamurang, Denler and Tibin. The militants had killed three Pnar villagers and critically injured 16 others. Over 1,600 Pnars have fled their villages and are now taking shelter in Shasniang village under the Jaintia Hills. Most of them are reluctant to return and have decided to retaliate. As one of the Tibin refugees declared, “the community has to prepare to protect itself”, even if this entails taking up arms.
The killings have sparked protests from several organisations, including the Khun Hynniewtrep National Movement (KHNAM), a partner in the Congress-led Meghalaya Democratic Alliance (MDA) government. D.D. Lapang is likely to parley with his Assam counterpart Tarun Gogoi.
Meghalaya home minister R.G. Lyngdoh and Assam minister of state for home Rockybul Hussain, too, discussed the recent developments in Karbi Anglong, particularly the onslaught by Karbi outfits on Pnars.
Both leaders agreed that the situation has to be brought under control. Jaintia Hills district commissioner L. Kharkongor discussed the prevailing situation in Karbi Anglong with her counterpart this morning. Kharkongor said attempts were being made by both sides to restore normalcy. She, however, admitted that the situation is still volatile.
A joint action committee of blocks I and II, which comprises three organisations, submitted a memorandum to Lapang and Lyngdoh and urged them to despatch security forces to bring the situation under control.
The organisations also pleaded for relief to thousands of refugees stranded in Shasniang.
14 Nov 2003
> 1500 Khasis flee Assam, KSU asks Karbis to quit (Sentinel)— due to atrocities alleged by KNV and UPDS from the disputed Block-I areas in KA and taking shelter in Sahsniang and its adjoining villages in Jaintia hills. In retaliation, KSU has served quit notice to Karbis residing in Meghalaya. Meghalaya Home Minister RG Lyngdoh first informed of the developments to the Assam MoS R. Hussain who did not know of the incident till then.
26 Nov 2003
> Eid Day shooting at Diphu —Bashir Ahmed, a renowned fish dealer of Diphu was shot from point blank range but miraculously escaped death. It happened about 6-30 pm and after the shooting, Ahmed was rushed to Diphu Civil Hospital and latter shifted to Ghy Down Town Hospital. The culprits are suspected to be DHD.
16 Nov 2003
> Gogoi visits scarred areas- Karbi Anglong officials told to deal firmly with ethnic clashes (Telegraph)— A STAFF REPORTER Guwahati, Nov. 15: Assam chief minister Tarun Gogoi today directed the Karbi Anglong administration to firmly deal with the elements fomenting the Karbi-Kuki clashes and asked the army to assist the police and paramilitary forces in times of exigency.
Reviewing the law and order situation in Diphu with senior civil, police and army officials following the ethnic clashes between Kukis and Karbis over the past few days, Gogoi ordered additional forces in Blocks I and II near the Assam-Meghalaya border and other sensitive areas.
Chief secretary, J.P. Rajkhowa, director general of police P.V. Sumant, commissioner to the chief minister M.G.V.K. Bhanu and other senior police and army officials accompanied the chief minister to Karbi Anglong. Governor Lt Gen. (retd) Ajay Singh will visit the district tomorrow.
During his interaction with various local organisations, Gogoi suggested forming peace committees comprising different communities. He also met the members of the bereaved families.
Gogoi is in constant touch with his Meghalaya counterpart D.D. Lapang for chalking out ways to ease the tension in the bordering areas after attacks by militants of the Karbi National Volunteers on Khasi-Pnar villagers.
Lapang yesterday asked Gogoi to stop the mass exodus of Khasi villagers from the Block I area of Karbi Anglong district towards Jaintia Hills in Meghalaya.
Over 1,600 Khasi-Pnars villagers from Block I have fled their homes, while three persons lost their lives in the attacks.
The apex body of the Kuki tribe in Manipur has urged deputy Prime Minister L.K. Advani to put an end to the “insanity” gripping the district, our Imphal correspondent adds.
P. Gangte, president of the Kuki Inpi Manipur, made similar appeals to the chief ministers of Assam and Manipur..
17 Nov 2003
> Karbi student set on fire in city (Shillong Times)—Eldrin Tisso (of Sahjong, KA) a student of Sacred Heart Theological College of Mawlai, Shillong was critically burnt and currently undergoing treatment at Nazareth Hospital. The three who had been beaten up were identified as Ranjit Kramsa (18), Risim Rongpi (18, S/o Pari, Diphu) and Sujit Taro (19), picked up from Lummari Lavila Hostel at Laitumkhrah. Meanwhile KSU president Samual Jyrwa denied involvement of his organisation saying KSU activists went to the principal of the institution to urge the Karbi students to leave Shillong. State Home Minister RG Lyngdoh condemned the incident. Jayanta Rongpi, MP, also urged the Chief Minister to ensure the safety of hundreds of Karbi students fleeing Shillong after KSU’s quit notice’ in a fax message. Arch Bishop Dominic Jala condemned the incident who visited the victims at the Nazareth Hospital while expresing concern at the Khasi-Pnar people of Block-I suffereing due to the atrocities of KNV/UPDS.
> Attacks spark Karbi exodus in Shillong (Telegraph) -OUR BUREAU Nov. 18: Panic-stricken Karbis, mostly students, today fled Shillong in droves as tension mounted over the persecution of the community in retaliation for militant attacks on Khasi and Pnar residents of neighbouring Karbi Anglong district of Assam.
A student of theology suffered third-degree burns and head injuries when assailants set him ablaze in the Meghalaya capital yesterday.
The majority of Karbi residents of Shillong headed for Diphu, the headquarters of Karbi Anglong district, and Guwahati. As many as 40 students left for the Assam capital under police escort.
Meghalaya home minister R.G. Lyngdoh placated the Karbis who are still in the state, saying the government was in control of the situation and would protect them.
“We want to prevent the exodus of Karbi students from Shillong. Such knee-jerk reactions aggravates problems instead of solving them, but we cannot force students who are leaving Shillong of their own accord to stay back,” he said.
Lyngdoh proposed “joint patrolling and joint operations” with Assam along the Meghalaya-Karbi Anglong border during a telephonic discussion with his Assam counterpart Rockybul Hussain this afternoon.
The deputy commissioners and superintendents of police of Jaintia Hills and Karbi Anglong met at Kheroni in the Assam hill district around the same time to find a way to defuse the tension along the border.
The origin of the conflict lies in Block I of Karbi Anglong, where Karbi militants are targeting Khasi and Pnar (Jaintia) people. Over 4,000 Khasi-Pnar villagers have fled their homes in the area since militants suspected to be from the United People’s Democratic Solidarity, a Karbi militant group, killed three Pnars.
The plight of the refugees sheltered in relief camps at Sahsniang village, in the Jaintia Hills, has evoked protests from several organisations of the state. Two refugee children died recently allegedly due to inadequate medical attention.
The Khasi Students Union (KSU), which is spearheading the agitation, has issued quit notices to all Karbi residents of Shillong. The organisation has, however, denied being involved in any of the attacks on Karbis.
25 Nov 2003
> 6 Karbi villagers kidnapped in Jirikindeng Assam Meghalaya border — according to informations received from JI Kathar sources. 3 (three) of the kidnapped persons are reported to have escaped from the Khasi extremist clutch while the fate of the others are yet to be known.
27 Nov 2003
> Media blames Karbis for the Kuki-Karbi and Khasi-Karbi clashes — Assam : Ethnic Face-off (by Animesh Roul, Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management) Acts of barbarism appear to be plumbing new depths in areas around the Singhason Hills of the Karbi Anglong district of Assam since the last week of October. The district has been in the grip of ethnic violence following a series of abductions and incidents of arsons perpetrated by two underground groups respectively claiming to represent the Kuki and Karbi tribes. The situation turned violent when the Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA) warned its rival United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS, a Karbi group) to end its violent and criminal activities against the non-Karbis, including the Kukis themselves. The KRA also demanded the release of one Thangpao Sitlhou, who had been abducted on October 6, 2003, near Singhason area under the Diphu police station. The abduction drama began soon after. The UPDS abducted six Kuki tribesmen in October, and in retaliation the KRA took at least 10 Karbis hostage from Thekerajan under Howraghat police station on November 2, 2003.
Earlier, the UPDS had declared the commencement of ‘Operation Super Volcano’ in the face of the KRA’s ‘Operation Volcano’, accusing the Karbi outfit of killing, raping and abducting members of the non-Karbi communities residing in the Singhason Hill areas of Assam. Even though the fear of retribution dominates the Karbi villages of Bokolia-Manza-Dhansiri belt of the Karbi Anglong District, KRA terrorists have torched more than two hundred Karbi dwellings in two successive attacks on November 4 and 5, 2003, in the Singhasan Hills area. In retaliation, UPDS terrorists set fire to several homes in the Gangjang village under the Howraghat police station. Other significant incidents in Karbi Anglong over the last fortnight include the November 3 incident in which UPDS terrorists gunned down the vice-president of the Dokmoka Village Defense Party (VDP). On November 11, three Kuki children were burnt to death at the Lemnol villages, under Diphu police station, when UPDS cadres set fire to five houses belonging to the Kuki community in the area. Another four Kuki students – identified as Puominthang, Mimin Tuboi, Momgboi and Thanabol – were abducted from the Baptists English School in Manja on the same day. Police recovered their bodies the next day.
In the wake of ongoing crisis, the Assam Government put the Army on alert, while the State Police and paramilitary forces have already been deployed in the area to contain the bloody face off, in which innocent inhabitants are becoming sacrificial goats. Earlier, the administration had evolved a two-pronged strategy to quell the violence – counter-terrorism operations and dialogue with indigenous groups. The situation is now getting more complicated, with an exodus of both Kuki and Karbi people from the vicinity of the Singhason Hills. While authorities claim that the situation is ‘under control’, reports indicate that large numbers of Thadao and Kuki people have already abandoned their villages near Diphu.
Despite the much-touted ‘historical relation’ between Kukis and Karbis, a recent KRA statement declared that the Kukis were fed up with the Karbis’ behavior, because the UPDS has been continuously waging a cold war against their community. Historically, however, the Kukis are not the only community that has been suffering the UPDS’ ire in Karbi Anglong. Since 1995, militant Karbi groups such as the Karbi National Volunteers (KNV) and the Karbi People’s Front (KPF) have been venting their anger against the Citizens Rights Preservation Committee (CRPC), an umbrella organsatioin of non-Karbi people including the Marwaris, Biharis, Nepalis and Bengalis. The war against the ‘outsiders’ started in earnest in March 1999, when the KNV and KPF merged to form the UPDS. The April 9, 2000, massacre of 11 Nepalis by UPDS cadres initiated a new chapter in the campaign against outsiders in Karbi Anglong.
The UPDS, active in Karbi Anglong and parts of the North Cachar (NC) Hills district, signed a cease fire agreement with the Union Government on May 23, 2002, for one year, but its dissident faction, known as the ‘Anti-Talk’ faction and led by ‘general secretary’ H.E. Kathar, remains uncooperative. Rejecting the peace process, Kathar has continued a tirade on the ‘self-determination’ of the Karbis and other indigenous people in Karbi Anglong. The UPDS (pro-talks) faction had issued initial warnings against the KRA, saying that it would not remain a mute spectator to the ‘atrocities’ being perpetrated on Karbi villagers by ‘Kuki terrorists’. Nevertheless, intra-factional politics of UPDS notwithstanding, the pro-talks faction of the UPDS has now appealed to both the KRA and its own anti-talks faction to put an end to the hostilities and has urged them to release hostages from captivity.
The ongoing ethnic violence is no longer restricted to Karbi Anglong, and its echoes are now audible in the neighboring State of Meghalaya as well. The UPDS – KNV combine’s reign of terror in the Jaintia (Pnar)-inhabited areas under block 1 of Karbi Anglong and areas like Lamurang, Denler and Tibin has forced over 2000 local Khasi and Pnar people to leave their homes. The friction between the Karbis and the people of the Jaintia Hills is not new. During the Legislative Assembly elections in February 2003, threats had been issued by the KNV – UPDS combine to all residents living in the bordering villages, and these culminated in macabre incidents of pre-poll violence, including the one on February 8, 2003, when KNV terrorists killed six villagers in the Jaintia Hills district after severely torturing them.
A passive onlooker to these developments in the past, the Meghalaya Government, fearing a mass exodus into its territory, has now urged the Assam Government to intervene and to take proper security measures. Though the crisis in the Singhason Hills has begun to show signs of abating, the displacement of people could be major bone of contention between the two neighboring States in the days ahead.
29 Nov 2003
> KRA attack kills 6 Karbis in 11 villages of Adarsha/Balipathar — the attack came at 4 am when the VDP normally rings the bell. Two men standing guard at the Nopak Terang point between the 11 (eleven) villages and the road linking to the forest zone were killed instantly. The firing alerted the entire village that allowed the majority of the villagers to flee to safety. Sing (alias Koi) Tokbi (45), S/o Lt. Sar’et (step father Barua Tokbi) of Nopak Terang village— he died of deep dao wound on the head that saved attackers’ bullet. A young man, Kangbura Terang (21), s/o Kania of village Noren Terang (3 No. Dilaojan) and married with a kid, was fired at and when he tried to escape, attackers hammered his head with dao. The attackers then shouted at the villagers in Karbi ‘vangnon, chedan-nang !’ (Come, let us fight !), ‘kat-ri’ (Don’t run away), ‘me kainoi’ (torch the houses). The villagers identified one such caller as Bomlal Kipgen of Paothang village, Tokolangso — 5 kms from Nopak Terang. Molotov cocktail was used to torch the 116 houses in the nearly 1.30 minute attack between 4 am to 5-30 am. First house torched belonged to Johai Terang. A five year old female child Kajor Timungpi, d/o Mangal Timung and Renu Rongpipi and a nearly 80 yr. old blind and infirm granny Kajor Tokbipi, w/o lt Rongdo Terang (second husband) — were burnt alive. Another woman, Rubin Timungpi (35), 7 months pregnant and mother of 5 (five), including 2 dead and wife of Mon Ingti of Nopak Terang village, was done to death by dao strikes on her stomach as she could not flee due to bullet injury to her leg. Ruketson Timung (25), s/o Moja of Nopak Terang village was also shot dead. The following villages were torched — 1) Lobon Kro, 2. Nopak Terang, 3) Mon Ronghang, 4) Sarthe Teron, 5) Kangbura Kro, 6) Borlai Hanse, 7)Diring Timung (Jilangso Singnar-biggest of the villages), 8) Senso (Long Bey) Bey , 9) Habe Bey, 10) Hori Terang and 11) Hijunglangso. The last two villages, already abandoned by the villagers, were torched completely on their return by the attackers. The attackers consisted of 20-30 people led by about 10 armed KRA extremsists. The police latter recovered hundreds of SLR bulltes and some .22 rifles, AK-47 and AK-56 bullets. The use of SLR bullets is intriguing as these guns are used exclusively by the armed forces. Police SP (Abdul Quddus) and Dy. Commissioner (Anurag Goel) claimed (around 12-10 pm) informed MLA Teron that army was doing patrolling duty in Jilangso area till 2-30 am after which the incident happened. But villagers deny this claim. They had rather said, no police or CRPF ever visited the villages despite of repeated requests. The SDO (Civil) had earlier on two occasions was reported to have asked Kuki gaonburas to meet him, but Karbi villagers expressed their inability to do so as the tension was already there. On the day of the incident, a grocery shop owner Gupta had called the Bokajan police about the attack, the OC assured help. The SDPO was also informed and he too had assured of similar help. The first to reach the spot however was the SDO (C) accompanied by the SDPO and their bodyguards. Sun was rising then when the officers reached the spot and confronted the attackers. PSOs fired in the sky which deterred further attack. Police was further informed that at Tokolangso, the attackers were torching houses but police did nothing. The attackers also killed a cattle and a pregnant goat. All the latest harvest had been burnt and only few houses remained in tact.
1 Dec 2003
> KRA attack in Ram Terang village leaves 4 dead in Karbi Church at Okehai Ketok — around 11 am when villagers were discussing a jubilee celebration. Armed KRA extremists surrounded them and started firing from automatic rifles killing — Samuel Rongpi (25), Men Tisso (45), Bidya Rongphar (49) and Barnobas Phangcho (55)-Evangelist. The attackers also torched 25 (according to first information the number was put at 48 houses) from Kania Rongphar, Jensing Terang, Sikari Tokbi and Kamsing Terang villages. The fleeing villagers asked for police help but only assurances came. SDO (C) was away in Diphu. The villagers then informed the army camp in the CCI-quarry who promptly intervened and encountered the attackers killing a yet to be identified extremist. According to sketchy informations, the slain extremsist was wearing a costly jacket and an AK-47, a wallet containing photos of Kuki girls and a Karbi audio cassette ‘Sengve’ were recovered.
> Militants play hostage card (Telegraph)/JAHANSHER FIROZE AND SARAT SARMA-Nov. 30: Assam’s troubled Karbi Anglong district braced for more bloodshed with the militant Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA) today refusing to free the 13 members of the United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS) in its custody until the rival group releases the six Kuki villagers it abducted last month.
The KRA gunned down six persons and torched several villages yesterday. The stink of violence continued to hang heavy in the air, almost paralysing life in the Karbi-inhabited hamlets in the Balipathar area of Bokajan. As many as 116 huts were destroyed by the militants.
The anti-talks faction of the UPDS has set December 2 as the deadline for the KRA to release the hostages or face an operation codenamed “Super Volcano”. The militant group added to the tension in the district by torching a Kuki-owned house near the Doordarshan centre in the headquarter town of Diphu last night. There was nobody in the house when it was attacked.
As the two militant groups sparred, Kuki and Karbi organisations appealed for sanity. “We were like brothers. Kuki villages are at least 10 km from our area, accessible only on foot. But they often come to our villages en route to the main market at Balipathar on the national highway. They also socialise with us. The militants have driven a wedge between us,” Biren Tokbi, a resident of Piti Adong, said of the attack on Karbis.
A weeping Renu Timongpi, whose five-year old daughter was charred in the fire that gutted her home, said both she and her husband fled for their lives on spotting the advancing Kuki militants. ” We thought everyone took cover in the nearby thick bushes. We did not know that Kajol (the couple’s daughter) hid inside.”
Witnesses said a retired Assam Rifles jawan and his brother were among the assailants. ” They were shouting in the Kuki dialect as they torched home after home. We could not say how many came, but they were all Kukis, probably KRA rebels and Kuki villagers who have settled up there, in the hills,” one of them said, pointing towards the north. The assailants were carrying torches, machetes, spears and fuel.
An elderly Karbi villager said there would have been few survivors had the village defence personnel not raised an alarm. “Casualties would have been much higher, but for the village defence personnel, who were, however, ill-equipped to take on the assailants. One of them was the first to fall.”
Ignoring the pleas for restraint, KRA information and publicity secretary Zet Kuki said the UPDS had “no moral right” to urge his organisation to release the hostages. The Kuki group had launched an operation called “Volcano” in October against its rival, ostensibly to protect non-Karbis in the district from persecution.
Karbi Anglong Autonomous District Council member Rajendra Rongpi, who represents the constituency affected the most, said: “Most of the KRA people came from Manipur when an ethnic conflict erupted. They are now creating problems in these parts. I am certain that the government can launch military operation in the Singhasan Hills, where the KRA is based.”
Deputy commissioner Anurag Goel said the army and BSF had been deployed in the areas with a mixed population. The government announced ex gratia of Rs 1 lakh each to the families of those killed.
> Attack at Lengrijan (near Khotkhoti TOP) foiled — one Rakesh Mech (30), marrying a Karbi woman reported about the presence of 15 armed youths in the vicinity when Birsing Teron was chatting with 2nd IC Das. Police reacted by firing in the sky which forced the probable attackers to go back.
> Unconfirmed news of attack at Langtibuk Karbi settlement — at Longsek.
> BLT in the guise of NDFB and KRA may have shelter at Karagaon Bodo village — near the ASRF camp. One Narayan Biswakarma, a Bengali, is reported to be the linkman.
> Grenade attack at Manja Market 6-30 pm — according to first information 3 persons were injured and one in critical condition was rushed to GMC.
2 Dec 2003
> KSU-KSA leaders meet at Shillong KSU office — where leaders of All Meghalaya Karbi Association and Hynnewtrep People’s Federation (Karbi Anglong) also participated. KSA delegation comprised of GS and Finance Secretary Pankaj Teron and Jonathon Ingti.
> More blood spilt in strife zone (Telegraph) OUR BUREAU -Dec. 1: Strife-torn Karbi Anglong witnessed more bloodshed today with militants suspected to be from the Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA) gunning down four Karbi villagers while they were praying in a church and torched 48 houses in Bokajan subdivision of the district.
In Dibrugarh district, miscreants last night set ablaze nine shops belonging to members of the Bihari community.
The KRA struck in Bokajan subdivision of Karbi Anglong district for the second time in three days. The militant group killed six Karbis and torched nearly 116 houses in a pre-dawn swoop on Saturday.
The assailants, dressed in olive-green fatigues, simultaneously raided the Karbi-inhabited hamlets of Tensingh Teron, Kania Rongphar, Kanching Teron and Sikori Tikori around 10 am and targeted the houses there.
The four victims — Mentisso, Samuel Rongpi, Bidya Singh Rongphar and Biren Fanchau — were inside a church at Okkehi Ketok, near a stone quarry belonging to the Cement Corporation of India Ltd.
There was more violence around 6.45pm with suspected militants hurling a grenade at a pharmacy in Manja town. Two salesmen, identified as Ajai and Sanjay Rai, were injured.
A KRA member was reportedly killed in retaliatory fire by the rival United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS), which has called a 120-hour Karbi Anglong bandh from tomorrow in protest against Clause 8 of the new Bodo accord.
Blaming Delhi and Dispur for the persecution of the “indigenous tribals of the district” at the hands of the “migrating Kuki rebels”, Autonomous State Demand Committee president Haliram Terang and Karbi Students Association chief Roland Kiling demanded a full-fledged offensive against the KRA militants holed up in the Singhasan Hills.
More bloodshed is likely because the KRA has been refusing to free the 13 UPDS members in its custody until the rival group releases the six Kuki villagers it abducted last month.
The UPDS deadline for the KRA to release the 13 Karbis expires tomorrow. The Karbi group intends disrupt both train and road communication in Karbi Anglong and the adjacent North Cachar Hills from tomorrow and advised the people not to travel by either mode of transport. Supply of essential commodities to Nagaland, Manipur, Upper Assam and parts of Arunachal Pradesh will be hit if the UPDS manages to impose the bandh.
As Karbi Anglong reeled under the impact of the Karbi-Kuki conflict, Dibrugarh district witnessed a fresh outbreak of violence on the Bihari community. There was no casualty, but nine Bihari traders settled in Lahowal lost their shops. Night curfew was lifted in Chabua, Moran and Khowang, but remains in force in Tengakhat, Namrup, Duliajan and Tingkhong.
The Asom Bikash Mancha has organised a peace rally in Dibrugarh tomorrow. Culture icon Bhupen Hazarika, youth leaders and editors will attend the rally.
5 Dec 2003
Pankaj Sharma takes over as new SP of KA replacing Abdul Quddus— transferred from Barpeta on promotion. This is his first posting as Superintendent of Police. He informed 7 columns of army, one battalion of CRPF and two companies of BSF have been deployed to tackle with the UPDS (anti) and KRA in the Singhason hills.
11 Dec 2003
DHD arming Dimasas in Dhansiri areas to evict Karbi villagers — Karbi people are in panic over the alleged arming of DHD to Dimasa villagers with Cartridges and bullets. Tension is rising. Dy. Director, Food and Civil Supplies, Karbi Anglong, Diphu (one Mr Daulaguphu) is frequently visiting the area and he is suspected to be the DHD Publicity Secy. He is reported to having affair with a local Dimasa girl. The DHD is also sheltering the KRA extremsists. Tangkhul Nagas with arms are infiltrating Rangapahar Adivasi-Bihari villages demanding chickens (big ones) or pay Rs. 100/- in lieu of that. DHD (probably aided by KRA) chased away the armed Nagas.
Chronology of events leading to the Karbi-Kuki clash:
22nd June 2002 — Lutsat Singson (60) KNA President killed by KRA extremsist— a resident of Diphu Police Reserve Colony — on 21st June — in a meeting convened by him at P-Taijol (Singhason), held at the residence of GB at around 3-30 pm. A KRA extremsit dragged him from the dias and shot point blank. After the killing, the villagers brought the body to Manja outpost at night (21st June) around 10 pm. and a police case registered at Manja vice No. GPGDE No 479 dated 21-06-2002. Singson was also president of CRPC.
26 April 2003— KRA utlras tortures Karbi and Nepali vilagers in Lungit areas — 20 armed ultras with face paints around 12-30 pm stormed the house of one Ghising Nepali where one Longkoi Bey, SGB, Mohendijua was also called and tortured. Later Dhansing Rongphar, a villager was also brutally tortured. They were demanding ‘tax’ to be deposited by 28th May at Kholin village of Singhason. The Ghising villagers were forced to abandon their village to Longkoi Bey village/Mohendijua for shelter. One Langtuk Bey was tortured brutally at Kholin, Kuki village at 3-00 pm and asked Karbis not to come to the Singhason hills. Sentinel (10 May) carreied the news under caption “KRA assaults non-Kukis”.
> Sikari Lama, an ex-armyman, was kidnapped by KRA sometime back asking him to bring the “tax” of Rs. 3 Lakhs. Lama latter managed to flee after killing two KRA extremists, deposited the AK47 he seized from the KRA at the Manja Police outpost. Since then, Lama with family had left Karbi Anglong for some unknown safer place.
29 April 2003 — KRA ultras threatened one Karbi villager named Khoiya Timung of Jari Teron village — not to divulge their movement to the police or face action.
28 May 2003 — KRA extremists torture Laldara Karbi villagers 10 kms from Manja — 9 armed and uniformed KRA extremists suddenly appeared at 3 am, broke open the door of the thatched house where 12 Karbi labourers from Manja, Dillai, Silonijan asking them to line up, kneel down with face down and tortured them brutally. Four of the victims are identified as — Sarthe Lekthe (28), s/o Mukhim, Lai Teron (25), s/o late Pang-e, Sarthe Teron (20), s/o late On Teron (all of 9 mile, Rongkimi, Manja) and Julie Timung of Kamala Bagan (Rongthelu). Two aged men from Silonijan are said to be severely injured.
4 June 2003 — KRA attacks village near Diphu (Sentinel) — Lal Derah on 28 May forcing villagers to desert to the safety of Jiri Teron.
15 June 2003 — Kuki supports Clause-8 and reitereates demand for Kuki Tribes’ Autonomous Regional Council — backed by KRA and the CRPC taking an open anti-Karbi stand in the wake of the all party/organisation opposition to C-8 of BTC.
20 July 2003 — KRA active in Singhason — police raid Laldhera Kuki village but failed to nab the extremists.
26 Aug 2003 — ‘Kuki National Army’ kidnaps 2 from Longnit — a 25 member unit of the outfit in army fatigue armed with sophisticated weapons appeared in the market area and picked up a tea-stall owner and a Congress worker around 7-30 pm.
31 Oct — KRA demanded a pair of cattles or 10 chickens to be brought to Leikot camp by 1 Nov. which the Thekerajan villagers refused and resolved to resist such atrocitites.
1 Nov — KRA started terrorising the villagers as they had refused its demands.
2 Nov — KRA abducted 30 Karbi villagers from Thekerajan Karbi areas
28 Dec 2003
> DHD cadres shoot at Bashir Ahmed at Diphu — a local fish trader at his Diphu Siv Bari Road residence at around 6-30 pm while the victim way preparing to come to his business centre in the Diphu Fish Market. Sri Ahmed sustanied injuries in his stomach and his hands as the culprit tried to shoot him from point-blank range. Later Ahmed was rushed to Ghy Down Town Hospital for treatment.
9 Feb 2004
Kukis torch Karbi villages in Upper Deopani —The latest erruption of violence and mayhem in Upper Deopani, under Bokajan Police Station, appears to be the conspiracy of the monopolist marwari businessmen trying to monopolise the lucrative ginger trade with the help of the armymen. The armymen operating in the Singhason-Khonbamon belt are either deliberately making it out or are being misled by vested interest groups that ginger cultivation is the exclusive domain of the Kuki community. The truth is that in this belt all communities cultivate ginger as the main crop; the only difference is the Kukis cultivate the crop more extensively than the others, being backed by affluent Kukis from Nagaland and Manipur.
It is understood that the armymen have a brief to see that ginger trade goes on smoothly and in doing so prevent the interference of the extremist organisations in the trade.
However, it is disturbing to learn that the armymen are forging a nexus with the monopolist non-tribal traders and the surrendered extremist elements to exploit the uncertain situation for monetary benefits and are discouraging local Karbi traders to do ginger business by brute force as the armymen do not feel comfortable to do business with the local tribal traders. It widely known in the area that while the extremist groups are paid Rs 5000/- per truck at the nose of the armymen by the ginger traders, the armymen themselves are reportedly paid Rs 3500/- per truck.Playing a partisan role in favour of the Kukis, the armymen seems to be making a sweeping conclusion that all Karbis found doing business in ginger are agents of extremists and are, therefore, targets fit to be intimidated, arrested and even eliminated. The murder of Desoi Tisso (60) of Klergaon after the armymen raided the village on the 1st February 2004 and the arrest and detention of Rakesh Teron and Jug Ingti by the army at Manja from the 3rd February 2004 are believed to be parts of the army-businessmen conspiracy, because both Jug Ingti and Desoi Tisso have reportedly been associated with ginger trade. It is also interesting to note that while the Kukis have been protected and encouraged to harvest their ginger, the local Karbis have not been allowed to even touch their crops. It is both myopic on the parts of the armymen and also a crime against the Karbi people that the partisan and self-serving role of the armymen are economically suffocating the local people.
It is also common knowledge in the area that the armymen are ganging up with Kukis to attack Karbi villages. Mr Sehmang Singson, Ex-armyman (GB of Murlum Kuki village), Haokip Singson alias Angam of Murlum and Henpao Thadou of Thengjang Kuki village have been seen moving around with the armymen. such encouragements by the army have led to the torching of Kler gaon (14 houses), Rensing Lekthe village (11 houses) and Langhanthor village(9 houses) in the Upper Deopani area under Bokajan PS yesterday. The inmates are fleeing the Kuki atrocities tacitly encouraged by the army. The SDO(C), Bokajan, has reportedly visited the area yesterday.
The ASDC hereby appeals to the Army authority to understand that in the entire Singhason-Khonbamon belt, both the Karbis and the Kukis are distressed people and members of both the communities need physical, psychological and economic protections equally and without prejudice. If the armymen continue with the partisan role, the Karbi people will have no other option but to consider the armymen as agressor out to choke and suffocate the Karbi tribe.
13 Feb 2004
> Pratidin — Army claims killing of 3 KRA under Bokajan PS at Saijang — dead bodies handed over to Bokajan PS and brought for PM at Diphu. Large quantities of arms reported confisciated.
> Militants torch 2 villages— 4 rebels die in Karbi Anglong shoot-out — Staff Reporter & agencies (Sentinel)— GUWAHATI, Feb 12: Four militants, including three Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA) men and a Karbi National Force (KNF) cadre, were shot dead in two separate encounters with the Army in Karbi Anglong and NC Hills districts today. A large quantity of arms, ammunition and explosives were recovered from them. Meanwhile, violence resurfaced in Karbi Anglong district after suspected Kuki militants had set on fire two villages under Bokajan police station making more than 250 people homeless on Tuesday night, a delayed report received here today said.
The KRA militants fired upon the troops of the Red Shield Division when they were conducting combing operations at village Saijong where the ultras were reported to be holed up, defence sources here said.
The Army personnel then fired back killing three in the exchange of fire and recovered arms, ammunition and explosives from them.
In another incident, a hard-core KNF militant Ngamlet was killed in another encounter also with the Red Shield troops at Mahur village in NC Hills. An AK-56 rifle along with live cartridges were recovered from the spot.
Meanwhile, a delayed report from a remote area in Karbi Anglong district said that suspected KRA militants had attacked two villages under Bokajan police station area on Tuesday last and burnt down 26 houses. The two villages are Rangsinglaktha and Baliramlaktha.
Senior police officials and Chief Executive member of Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council (KAAC) Khorsing Engti left for the area today for an on-the-spot investigation.
14 Feb 2004
> Feud with UPDS —KRA seeks mediation by NSCN-IM—By a Staff Reporter (Sentinel)— GUWAHATI, Feb 13: In a series of major developments in Karbi Anglong, the outlawed Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA) has asked the NSCN to step in and mediate in talks with the UPDS, while the Kuki National Assembly (KNA) has condemned the recent burning down of two villages by miscreants, and has declared that no Kuki was involved in the arson incidents.
The KRA has urged the NSCN (IM) “the oldest organization and mother of North-east insurgency” to enter as a third party in “rendering peace and better understanding with the UPDS,” according to a statement signed by Lovejoy Sitlhou, the `commander’ of the `4th Battalion’ of the KRA. The statement also appeals to the non-Karbis of Karbi Anglong to “live peacefully without fear and to promote peace and harmony in the region.”
On the other hand, the Kuki National Assembly has strongly condemned the burning down of two villages under Bokajan Police Station recently. “The KNA has inquired about the matter and found that no Kuki is involved in the arson,” asserts a statement issued by Tongthang Touthang, general secretary, KNA. On the contrary, the Assembly has expressed suspicion that the attacks were carried out by “some political parties for their political gain on the one side, and to whitewash the bad image of some community which is engaged in stealing ginger from the field of the Kukis on the other,” the release adds.
Meanwhile, the 10-hour Karbi Anglong bandh called by the CPI(ML), ASDC (P), KSA and KNCA protesting the arson last week passed off peacefully today, amid allegations by the parties that the police had tried to open shops and other establishments by force at Diphu, Dokmoka, Hamren and other places.
The police and paramilitary forces continue to be on high alert to prevent any escalation in violence in this troubled district. “The Army, police and CRPF are providing full protection to ginger cultivators and consignments of the produce,” stated Pankaj Sharma, SP Karbi Anglong, talking to The Sentinel over phone today. Sharma also quashed rumours that ginger had been looted from the homes of the people. “Ginger had actually been stolen from those homes which were abandoned by their owners after the violence late last year. There have been no further robberies since then,” Sharma stated, while adding that these thefts had not been organized attacks, no FIRs had been lodged and no trucks had been attacked either.
“A militant who had been arrested a week back has confessed that the earlier attacks on the ginger growers had been calculated to frighten and chase the Kukis away from their homes,” Sharma revealed. “Now the militant groups are trying to increase extortion attacks. However, we have increased our vigil and operations in the Singhason Hills, and forces have already been deployed in all sensitive areas,” he added.
> Karbis accuse Dispur of failing to provide security — OUR CORRESPONDENT — (Telegraph)— Nagaon, Feb. 13: The progressive faction of the Autonomous State Demand Committee today accused the Tarun Gogoi government of failing to utilise the army properly to flush out Kuki rebels from Karbi Anglong district.
Speaking to newspersons, ASDC leader Denial Teron alleged that despite round-the-clock army operations, indigenous tribes in the hill district were unsafe and insecure as militants of the Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA) continue their extortion, rape and killings in the interior Karbi villages. Teron said in the past 12 days, KRA militants had torched 26 houses in Lakthe and Ingti basti in Deupani and injured several in Taralanchu. Of the injured, Angle Terangpi had succumbed to his injuries.
Teron accused the police of arresting over 50 ASDC workers today during the 10-hour bandh called by the committee in protest against the failure of the government to flush out KRA militants.
“A separate administrative council in Singhasan hills is not a permanent solution. The problem can be solved only when KRA militants are flushed out,” he said.
A Diphu police source today said recent developments have proved that the part of Bokajan subdivision which adjoins Nagaland is a hub of KRA militants. However, the problem behind a successful operation is mainly topographical. The hilly, forested terrain, inhabited by wild animals, works in favour of the militants and to the disadvantage of the forces, the source added.
According to Diphu superintendent of police Pankaj Sarma, police have gathered information on the activities of KRA militants in Singhasan hills. “They are well equipped with sophisticated weapons,” he said. However, he added that they would achieve success very soon.
On February 10, the forces involved in counter-insurgency operations in the area had killed three KRA rebels in an encounter at Saijang. On Saturday, they had demolished a joint camp of the KRA and the NDFB near Singhasan.
22 Feb 2004
2 planters abducted in Karbi hills — two tea executives from a private garden of Karbi Anglong district, Bhagawati Tea Estate— manager Sarat Dutta and his assistant Kumar were abducted around 8.30 am by DHD militants. The garden falls under Bokajan police station in the district.
Both Dutta and Kumar were inspecting the garden on a motorcycle when a group of six or seven suspected UPDS militants whisked them away. Kumar was to formally join the garden on February 26. The motorcycle was found abandoned on the banks of the Deopani river.
1 Mar 2004
> DHD atrocities in Dhansiri Karbi areas —when 5 DHD cadres raided Kothalbari Dimasa village, Sonari Basti Nepali village, Longsing Timung and Longsing Kro Karbi villages in Doldoli and started beating up villagers at random. 3 of the DHD cadres were army uniform. The victims included Ratna Bahadur (58) including Rs. 3000/- cash looted, Kangbura Timung (40), Kamsing Timung (18) s/o Kangbura, Kamar Timung (35), Kangther Timung (50), Rajesh Langthasa (21), Lomit Langthasa (20), Sikari Kro (15), Babu Tokbi (18) and Longki Teron (15). The three are villagers of Kro Vill. One Firoj Kemprai (15) , s/o Bidhan Kemprai of Kothalbari accompanied the DHD cadres. The enraged villagers later gheraoed the house of Firoj Kemprai at night when Firoj accepted the fact. On 2nd March, a public meeting of both Dimasa and Karbi villagers was held in the house of Longsing Kro, GB of Doldoli to avoid communal clashes. An agreement was reached for identifying and producing the 5 DHD cadres. It was decided to hold another meeting on 4th March. Later, 2 motorcycle borne DHD cadres kidnapped Jagat Kro (20), s/o Longsing Kro and asked for the agreement letter in return of the kidnapped boy.
22 March 2004
> Fresh violence in Karbi Anglong (Telegraph) OUR CORRESPONDENT —Nagaon, March 21: After lying low for a couple of months, Kuki and Karbi militants have resumed their offensive, gunning down eight villagers in Karbi Anglong district over the past five days. The militants also torched 10 houses in the district. Altogether 46 people died in ethic clashes between the Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA) and the United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS) in the district last year. Suspected members of the anti-talks faction of the UPDS shot dead five villagers and torched 10 houses in Thongbong, a Kuki village near Singhasan Hill 37 km from Diphu town on Friday. A suspected UPDS militant was later killed in an encounter with the 11 Garawal Regiment in the area. This was the second such incident in near Singhasan hill over the past five days. KRA militants shot dead three Nepali labourers on a ginger field at Phailung near Singhasan hill on Wednesday. A police official told newspersons today that a group of Karbi militants in military fatigue entered the Kuki-dominated Thongbong area on Friday evening and ordered the villagers to gather at one spot. The militants then torched their huts and opened fire on the villagers.The clashes in the district peaked in October last year.
24 March 2004
> Kukis kill dozens of Karbi villagers under Dillai Police Outpost — morning 4 am when Udeng Tisso (6 killed including two succumbing to their injuries at Hospital) and scores of villagers gheraoed and killed (at least 20) of Sarpo Teron village. MLA Jagat Ingti and others are reacing for the effected spot. Home Minister also informed of the killing and he assured police high officials are being sent to tackle the situation.
> Victims names — Sarpo Teron village — Riso Teron (GB), Khelan Teron, Dongka Ingti, Dor Teron, Sing Bey, Borsing Ingti, Sarthe Ingti, Dhansing Kro, Dilip Kro (LP Teacher), Sona Engleng, Tenzing Ingti, Longki Terang, Bura Ronghang, Biren Teron, Mohen Bey, Jitu Teron, Semson Tisso, Chandra Terang (18 persons) — Udeng Tisso village —Dosring Tisso, Sona Tisso, Longki Bey, Longki Bey
26 March 2004
> DHD/KRA/NDFB training camp at Kathangsi Reserve Forest — creating fear pyschosis among surrounding villages of mixed population in the area where about 500 cadres, both men and women, are reproted trained.
27 March 2004
> Kukis attack Karbi villages under Upper Deopani — police was informed. According to informations available — Kuki extremists came in a ginger-truck coming from the hills towards NH-39 to ‘Boha-Kangtui’ weekly market and started torching houses, lobbing grenades and blocking villagers’ escape route forcing them to move upwards into the jungle up-stream. Home Minister informed of the situation. Bokajan police was informed around 7 am but the party moved only after 8 am.
31 March 2004
> NSCN extracts Kuki peace promises (Telegraph), March 30: — Changing from practioner of violence to peacemaker, the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (IM) has extracted a promise from the militant Kuki revolutionary Army (KRA) not to attack the Karbi community of Assam’s troubled Karbi Anglong district. The KRA gave this assurance to leaders of the NSCN (IM) during a meeting at Dimapur last night after the Naga group offered to mediate between them and the anti-talk faction of the UPDS. This wasa announced by NSCN (IM)Dy. Information Kilonser (Minister) K. Chawang to the press but said ” We still are not the official mediator” but KRA functionaries have agreed to stop the violence.
> Massive manhunt launched in Karbi hills (Sentinel) — to flush out both Kuki and Karbi militants taking shelter in Singhason hills. Meanwhile in an earlly morning encounter, army killed a UPDS cadre at Ram Tokbi village yesterday and the body handed over to the police.
28 April 2004
> DHD grenade attack near Diphu kills 2 (PTI, Sentinel) — when two daily wage labourers were killed and seven others injured in a powerful grenade attack by DHD-NDFB combine on a labour camp in Karbi Anglong in a place between Khotkhoti and Bokajan under Bokajan PS.
5 May 2004
> KRA grenade attack at Manja — around 6-45 pm in front of the Manja Police Outpost. The grenade was hurled by an auto-borne cadre near the shop of one Mr Seal, suspected to be belonging to KRA extremists injuring one Rani Das (45). According to another information, two Thadou boys identified as Thangboi Thadou (10) and Hengjangam Thadou (5) died of grenade blast. Their father Thangse Khungsel is reportedly under police custody. The two boys mistook the grenade to be a ‘cricket ball’.
6 May 2004
> DHD Refutes allegations of Karbi Anglong DC, SP (Sentinel/5 May/Haflong) — the DHD expressed serious concern over the recent statement of ther DC that the DHD was involved with the NDFB in a series of violent activities before and after the Lok Sabha polls in the district. The DHD charged the DC of making ‘wild’ allegations against the outfit and asked to make a mechanism to bring all the pro and talk factions to a negotiating table. DHD also asked the DC to hold District Level Coordination Committee meetings regularly to bring freindly atmosphere in the district as per a press release issued from Haflong by one Dao Raja Dimasa, publicity secretary of DHD. DHD also refuted the charges of SP that as a ‘revolutionary’ organisation, it has no inclination to any political party. DHD claimed that during the last few weeks only two incidents — of kidnapping of a businessman from Umrongso by suspected HPC (D) and another is the killing of an extremist belonging to Pnar Liberation Army at Damcherra by the army in NC Hills. This indicates that only some other groups are doing this and the SP is trying to create mistrust among the Karbis and Dimasas by accusing the DHD of attacks not done by the outfit.
May 6 May 2004
> Grenade attack— (Assam Tribune) DIPHU, May 5: A woman was injured in a grenade attack by suspected militants in Assam’s Karbi Anglong district today. According to official sources, the ultras hurled a grenade in front of a grocery shop at Manza under Diphu Police Station.The ultras fled after the incident in which a 40-year-old woman was injured. – PTI
4 July, 2004
> KRA attack kills Jiten Teron (18), s/o Borjan at Nobin Tisso village of Upper Deopani early dawn under Bokajan PS— the father was also injured in the attack among 3 others who were brought to Diphu Civil Hospital for treatment.
5 July, 2004
> Karbi Anglong tension refuses to die down, Desperados kill one more in Karbi Anglong (Sentinel) Our Bureau —DIPHU/GUWAHATI, July 4: The tension in Karbi Anglong district in the aftermath of the killing of EAC Dipankar Das and a policeman on July 1 during an eviction drive in Dhansiri subdivision, refuses to die down as a fresh attack on a Karbi village, allegedly by armed miscreants from Nagaland, was reported today. One person was killed and three others were critically injured when they were attacked by miscreants at Deigrun Teron village in upper Deopani area under Bokajan police station in Karbi Anglong district in the wee hours today.
According to sources, 15 armed miscreants came to the village in a Shaktiman truck and a Maruti van at 3 a.m. today and opened fire on the house of one Borsing Teron, when the family members were fast asleep. While Jiten Teron (15) was killed, his father Borsing Teron, brother Rocky Teron and a neighbour Ranjit Ingti were seriously injured in the attack. The injured have been admitted to Bokajan Civil Hospital.
According the police and local people, the truck and the Maruti van came from Nagaland side of the inter-State border, and followed the same route after committing the crime.
A police team has rushed to the area and investigations are on to ascertain the identity of the assailants.
Karbi Anglong SP P Sarma, however, gave an altogether different version of the whole episode. According to him, a person was killed and three others sustained serious injuries during an encounter between the security personnel and cadres of the anti-talk faction of the UPDS in upper Deopani area this morning.
The exact motive behind today’s attack could not be ascertained even though it is apparently believed to be related with the recent incident in Dhansiri subdivision in the hill district.
Meanwhile, as the Karbi Students’ Association (KSA)-sponsored economic blockade is still in force in the hill district, the student activists continue to stop trucks carrying essential items to Nagaland through the NH-39.
30 Aug 2004
> DHD spreads rumours of Karbi-Dimasa communal tension in Diyungmukh area — as Area Commander one Maiju (nick-name) asking Dimasa villagers to remain alert against possible Karbi attack. On investigation it was found, there was no such tension but it was only a ploy to pre-empt any attack on the DHD by rival faction loyal to expelled Chairman Joel Gorlosa who is believed to be active in the area.
1 Sep 2004
> Two kidnapped from train at Doldoli/one assaulted traveller escapes —(Dainiki Pratidin/Dainik Agradut) a seven man armed gang with faces covered abducted the passengers (boarding from Dhansiri) from Tinsukia-Lumding Passenger train around 6-50 pm. One Nandalal Prashad of (Diphu as per Agradut while Pratidin report says he belonged to Dimapur) escaped as he resisted but in the bargain was brutally assaulted by pistol butts. Police has neither been able to identify the other two victims or the culprits. But the kidnapping is suspected to be the handiwork of the DHD.
18 Jan 2005
> Grenade detected from Diphu market— in a chain of grenade blasts in the town.
20 Jan 2005
> Langhin attack on Karbi youths by Boros — as a sequel to the killing of a Boro GB Khakhlary (65) near Kangthi (Jungthung) by KLNLF cadres. One KUMSING TERON, RT/SSA (28 yrs, S/o Rongmi of VIll : Desoi Teron near Phuloni Revenue office) while returning from his duty towards Langhin from Dhentaghat road in his motor bike (NL-06-6848) was mercilessly tortured after ascertaining that he was a Karbi, broke his helmet. He was saved only after the arrival of Boro and Karbi villagers.
4 Feb 2005
> Blank fire by 2 unidentiefied youths at Dharamnala — 6:40 pm creating panick in the suburbs of Rongmirdan. Later the youts who came on foot disappeared from the scene who are believed to be DHD cadres.
> KRA threatens annihilation of Karbis — (Thekar/2-4 Feb) 12 heavily armed KRA extremists carrying 1k-47 and rocket lauchers entering from Nagaland 28 Jan 6-30 pm forced father and son duo of Sikari Teron and Kangching to guide them to Saibul Kuki village. The two suddenly came face to face with the extremists at the cross-road of Desoi Kro and Okehai Ketok. KRA warned of killing 100 Karbis for every single Kuki killed by UPDS/KLNLF. The matter was brought to the notice of Bokajan police and the two were interrogated. Karbi Anglong SP and CRPF are acting on the KRA threat.
23 Feb 2005
> Hand grenade thrown at Sanju’s house infront of Roy Bakery— in the heart of Diphu town just metres away from the Diphu Police Outpost. Sanju is a local Marwari businessman who is believed to be on the DHD ‘hit list’ for failing to pay the outfit.
28 Feb 2005
> DHD atrocities on Karbis— Sarbura Kramsa, Khonsing Rongpi, Kangbura Rongphar of Borlangfer were assaulted. Chotolongku villagers Harsing Teron, Harsing Bey (waiting for Diphu bound bus) were beaten. Again, Longsing Ronghang, Sing Teron and Babu Teron of Borlangpher met with similar treatment in the hands of DHD cadres apparently asking for UPDS. But Longkiri Terang and Babu Rongpi were kidnapped by the DHD cadres saying they were UPDS cadres despite UPDS clarifications to the contrary. (Arleng daily).
7 March 2005
> DHD atrocities on Umrongso Karbi villagers — in the name of searching KLNLF cadres leaving scores of villagers wounded in the continuous atrocities on 12, 13, 20 Feb and 5-6 March. A group of 37 armed DHD cadres in full army gear made regular forays into the following villages — Longku, Boro-Tungkrang, Sainilangso and Hanjanglangso. Tension is mounting in the area.
19 March 2005
> Grenade blast at Diphu market — hardly 50 mtrs from the Town Police Outpost around 6-30 pm in the shop owned by Bacchulal Gupta (75) and Romesh Gupta (43)-father and son- who sustaiend serious injuries and shifted to Guwahati after preliminary treatment at Diphu Civil Hospital. Others injured are — Rumi Nath (14), Bidhu Das (27) and shop-assistant Robindra Sahu (30). Police later picked up VC of UPDS from his house and detained him overnight interrogating. UPDS has denied the police charge but according to some local media, police suspects DHD hand in the incident (Dainik Pratibedan). Following the incident, police picked up 6 (six) more youths including an Adivasi from Longki Ronghang village (6 mile/Diphu-Manja road) — Suren Hanse-25, Kangbura Hanse-30 (brother of Khaplang Hanse/UPDS activist, the former is his cousin), Simol Phangcho-15 (class VII student of Diohu Hindi School near ASEB market power house), Raju Tanti-25, one Terang from Balipathar and another Tisso from Paklo of West KA. One motor cycle seized was later returned. (Indiscrimate arrests, torture and detention are continuing of karbi youths by the poilce to hide their inability to tackle the growing violence in the heart of the town. The incident which I was witness to occurred when market goers filled the streets but they reacted rather very non-challantly getting used to this kind of rush hour blasts in the town. People moved away
31 March 2005
> DHD gunmen abduct two under Bokajan PS — kerosine dealers working under Karbi Service Station/Diphu who denied receiving any demand note from any outfit.
20 April 2005
> Dhan Tisso (30) injured in DHD (Cease-fire) raid at Kokdanglangso Karbi village — when 16 armed cadres of the outfit swooped on the village without any provocation. The injured person was shot in his arms when he escaped from his captors. The person is now taking medical care.
> The incidents are suspected to be the result of the fight for supremacy between the two warring factions of the DHD. The ceasefire faction is blaming UPDS of sheltering the Jowewl faction. The Jowel faction is gaining gground in NC Hills leading to increased tension. The kindapping of Lokhyojyoti Langthasa an EM of the NCHAC 6 April by Jowel faction has sent shockwaves into ceasefire faction of DHD.
22 April 2005
> Diphu Asstt. Jailor kidnapped — Meghoram Bora (58) incharge officiating as Jailor by a 5-member armed gang from his morning walk. One ex-convict Prafulla Boro was identified as the gang-leader who was freed 29th January 2004 in a case under Howrahat PS. Meghoram belongs to Dhing Bhokot Gaon and was left with only a year before retirement. 4 days ago a similar abduction of Saubhik Ali (32) and Tuntun Roy (25) from Manja are yet to be traced by the police.
30 April 2005
> DHD cadre with arms arrested by Diphu police — in routine checking at 11 am when a DHD cadre Prajoy and Abhijit Chakraborty (22) coming in an auto after alighting from a bus from Maibang tried to escape with the sack of AK-47, .22 pistol, 3 live ammo and some incriminating documents on seeing the police. Prajoy escaped despite hot chase by constable Dhansing Ronghang and a CRPF leaving behind Abhijit who later revealed looting passengers of Lumding bound Cachar Express on 28 April with the help of Abang, also a DHD cadre.The duo were heading towards Dimapur for repair of the arms.
> DHD atrocities on NC Hills Karbis — forced a group of Karbi refugees to take shelter at Phangcho village of Borlangpher.
3 May 2005
> UPDS warns Dimasa outfit of armed action —OUR CORRESPONDENT (Telegraph) —Nagaon, May 2: The twin hill districts of Assam, Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills, may face a period of unrest again with the United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS) threatening armed action against the Dima Halam Daoga for its “anti Karbi activities”.
The UPDS leadership today issued a press release accusing the Dimasa militant group of serving extortion notices to the Karbis living in North Cachar Hills.
If the “pre-planned conspiracy to root out the indigenous communities” is not stopped at the earliest, the DHD might have to face the armed might of the Karbi outfit group, the release said.
“We will also serve quit notices to the Dimasas living in Karbi Anglong and simultaneously an anti-DHD drive will be launched,” said UPDS publicity secretary Tong-eh-Nongloda.
The UPDS threat comes a few days after 500 Karbi families fled North Cachar Hills following an extortion drive by the DHD.
On April 25, suspected DHD militants launched an armed drive in a Karbi village on the bank of river Kopili. Fourteen villagers, including village headman Dharam Tisso, was seriously injured in the Dimasa operation. Later the villagers fled from the district.
“That was the third such operation of the Dimasa militants against the Karbis in the last three months and it is only to make the indigenous Karbis homeless in the neighbouring district,” Nongloda alleged.
North Cachar Hills deputy commissioner Trajendra Prasad Singh said necessary security measures have been taken to protect the Karbi villagers who returned home.
The student organisations of the two communities, however, have resolved to initiate “confidence-building measures” to check ethnic clashes in the hill districts.
“Both the DHD and the UPDS should stop the war as they should realise that only a vested interests were behind the ongoing misunderstanding between the two communities. That group attempts to create a chaos for narrow political gain,” said Dimasa leader Sanmoni Kemprai.
KSA visit to Umrongso in the wake of the DHD attacks on Karbi villagers —
27 April — KSA team visited the Relief Camps at Kheroni. 28 April — The team left Kheroni in the morning for Haflong and met the local Karbis and they together submitted separate memorandum to the Governor, Assam through NC Hills DC Anil Kr Baruah. Martin Teron, EM (representing the Garampani Constituency, the lone Karbi majority constituency) refused to sign the memorandum as he said he was part of the ‘government’ but accompanied the team. During the meeting with the DC, DHD C-in- C Pranab Nunisa also was present along with 4 (four) others of the outfit. DC promised security. DHD refused to take the blames for all the misdeeds committed by Hmar, Naga, Kuki or even Karbi extremists operating in the area. He refuted the Longku incident where a person was killed and 3 houses were torched belonging to Garo community. DHD also tried to refute the charges levelled against it about the incident of Kokdanglangso but SP intervened saying police has full knowledge of DHD (Ceasefire) involvement. A heated exchage took place between the DHD and the Karbi delegation which was calmed only after DC’s intervention. The team’s next meeting was with the JNH (Joudikhe Naisho Hasom), a Dimasa Apex Body which took place in the NCHAC Members’ Hostel at 5-30 pm (approx) which also lasted for about an hour. The Apex Body was led by its president Bohim Langthasa alongwith 15 other colleagues.
8 July 2005
> NDFB also wants KA as its designated camp— in the list of 7 (seven) such camps across the state according to media reports (Dainik Batori) besides Kokrajhar, Udalguri, Baska and Chirang. NDFB signed Ceasfire agreement with the govt on 25 May and effective from 1 June ending 18 year old insurgency.
9 July 2005
> 3 KRA cadres arrested from Bagmari (Dainik Batori)— by Diphu police led by Indramohan Saikia identifying the cadres as Hauko Thadou (26) arrested at Bagmari who later led to the arrest of another two of his accomplices namely Saikolim Guite (19) and Guwang Tameng (18) from Manja.
12 July 2005
> DHD cadres kill Ramsing Rongphar at Langtibuk —who is an LP teacher and hails from Engleng village near Dillai at 11 am. His wife and children were put in bondage and shot at point blank killing the teacher instantly. Sketchy informations point towards DHD harassing the victim for some time in the recent past demanding money.
13 July 2005
> Granade explodes at Manja shop — at dawn 3:30 am shattering the front of the shop while no one was reported injured. One of the two granades, fired from a propeller exploded doing the damage suspected to be the handywork of KRA extremists. It is reported the shop owner had been on the KRA hit list and 15 people had been picked up by the police for questioning.
17 Aug 2005
Grenade explosion in Diphu market injures 18 evening —in the busy fish market zone, needle of suspicision on DHD.
18 Aug 2005
> DHD kidnaps Gladys Milikpi from Doiyangmukh —while she was returning from Langka piggy riding a motor cycle afternoon. Ms Milikpi is a widow and elder sister of Sri George Milik, Executive Member of the KAAC. Ms Milikpi is believed to have been kidnapped as a result of the Doiyangmukh Toll Gate (uncer control of the KAAC) alloted to her over demands made by DHD group as the outfit is flaunting its control over the area.
26 Sep 2005
> 3 dead-bodies of Dimasa auto-drivers found at Ramsapathar Karbi area— believed to be auto-drivers, all Dimasa youths identified as Madan Langthasa (35) and auto-driver, Biswa Jidung (22), Rahul Maramsa (23) beloning to Mohendijua Dimasa village. Two autos recovered —AS-09-4943 (owner Pranab Das) was burnt and other other AS-09-9344 (owner Bobyy Jidung). Motives or identity of killers not known immediately but DHD sources blame UPDS involvement. There were indications of tension in the interior area where DHD put up ‘Dimaraji’ boundary demarcation signboard later removed by UPDS boys. The murder was most gruesome using sharp ‘daos’ to slit the victims’ throats.
3 Oct 2005
> 5 of a Karbi family murdered at Hemari Teron village (Lumding Raod, near Arboretum) —when about 15 masked gunmen forced the headman and 4 other male members to accompany them to a nearby thick wood around 10 pm last night. When they did not return the night, one Shanti Timungpi alarmed the rest of the villagers and traced the dead-bodies (all wirh slit throats) and reported the matter to the Diphu Police 3 Oct morning.
5 October 2005
> More killings keep ethnic pot boiling (5 Oct/Tel) -OUR CORRESPONDENT- Nagaon, Oct. 4: Troubled Karbi Anglong remained on the boil and braced for worse with unidentified assailants killing three more Karbis in the hill district a day after butchering five members of the same community.
The killings are suspected to be in retaliation to the murder of three Dimasas a few days earlier.
A 34-hour general strike began in both Karbi Anglong and the adjoining North Cachar Hills today in protest against the attacks on Karbis.
Police said four assailants dressed in black went to Mauja Fanchu, 40 km from Diphu town, around 8.30 pm yesterday and entered the houses at the entrance to the village. The gang forced three villagers — Hira Timung (40), Khorsingh Terang (20) and Khora Terang (30) — to accompany them to a nearby jungle, saying they were required for a “discussion”. The bodies of Hira and Khorsingh were found in the same jungle this morning, while Khora’s was traced in the evening.
Khorsing’s father, Sarbura Terang, told the police that the assailants had promised not to harm the trio. “They told my son in broken Hindi that they had something to discuss. We were waiting for his return all night. We did not think that the visitors took away my son and our two neighbours to kill them. When they did not return until morning, we went out to look for them and found the bodies.”
On Sunday night, five Karbi villagers met the same fate at the hands of a suspected Dimasa group at Singh Terang village, 8 km from Diphu. The victims included the village headman and his two sons. The assailants dragged the five to a nearby paddy field and hacked them to death.
The latest bout of killings in Karbi Anglong, which has a history of ethnic turmoil, started on September 26. The police have yet to arrest any member of the group that killed three Dimasa youths at Ramsapathar, 22 km from Manja.
The Jathike Naisho Hasom, which is the apex organisation of the Dimasa tribe, and the militant Dima Halom Daoga (DHD) blamed the United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS) for the killings. The UPDS, which has a ceasefire agreement with Delhi and Dispur, shot back the allegation. The Karbi group’s publicity secretary, Tong Eh Nongloda, accused the Dimasa outfit of trying to sabotage the ongoing peace process by killing innocent people and blaming others.
“We have identified them and we are declaring war against them. If any Dimasa civilian dies in the war with the community’s outfits, we, the UPDS, will not be responsible for that,” he said.
The common factor in all three incidents since September 26 is that firearms were not used.
Karbi Anglong witnessed an ethnic bloodbath in October 2003 with over 100 people from seven communities being killed in a conflict of diverse interests.
6 October 2005
> DHD talks of war, would prefer peace (6 OCt/Tel)OUR CORRESPONDENT Nagaon, Oct. 5: The Dimasa militant outfit, Dima Halom Daoga, today declared that it was ready to face “any war” but still preferred an amicable solution to the crisis that has gripped Karbi Anglong following the recent bloodbath.
The outfit was reacting to the United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS) declaring “war” on it yesterday, holding it responsible for the killing of eight Karbis over two days.
“By declaring war on the DHD, the UPDS leadership has exposed its immaturity because it will only destroy the years of understanding between the two groups,” its chairman, Dilip Nunisa, said.
“We are with the people and we do not want to retaliate as it will lead to chaos. But let us make it clear that we are aways ready to defend ourselves,” he said.
The DHD appealed to all political and non-political groups in troubled Karbi Anglong to come up with a solution to the ongoing crisis in the hill district after the killing of 11 Karbi and Dimasa villagers during the past 10 days.
The DHD chief alleged that instead of attempting to find a solution to the crisis, the UPDS was trying to dis- tort facts and inviting more trouble.
Nunisa also came down heavily on the district administration, charging it with playing a biased role and harassing the Dimasa population in the Dhansiri and Daldali areas in particular, on the pretext of search operations.
“If police do not stop harassing the Dimasas, the Dimasa groups and NGOs will be forced to withdraw support to the peace committees,” he said.
Diphu police today claimed to have identified the group responsible for the killings. “We have picked up 23 people for interrogation and hope to crack the case soon,” a police officer said.
The hill district, however, was still tense with hundreds of people taking out a peace procession through the heart of Diphu this morning.
The Dimasa apex body, Jatikhe Naisho Hasom, today said it did not want to point fingers at anybody for the September 26 murder of three persons of the community. “We are continuing our peace efforts and appeal to the administration to catch the killers in the interest of the people,” a Dimasa leader said.
The troubled hill district faced a fresh bloodbath on September 26 after the killing of the three Dimasa youths at Ramsapathar, 22 km from Manja.
On Sunday night, suspected Dimasa criminals hacked to death five Karbi villagers at Singh Terang village, 8 km from Diphu town. The killers followed it up on Monday night in Mauja Fanchu village, hacking three Karbi villagers to death.
7 October 2005
> Karbi outfits make peace (Tel-7 Oct 05) OUR CORRESPONDENT Nagaon, Oct. 6. Realising the importance of putting an end to the bloodbath in the troubled hill districts of Karbi Anglong and North Cachar, the Karbi militant outfit, United People’s Democratic Solidarity (UPDS), has decided to make peace with the Dima Halom Daoga (DHD).
The UPDS has realised that fighting against the DHD would only make matters worse and just delay the peace process.
“Like the DHD leadership, we also want peace. But the DHD should stop pointing fingers at us, because by now it must be clear to them that we were in no way involved in the murder of three Dimasas on September 26,” said Tong Eh Nongloda, UPDS publicity secretary. The UPDS had declared war on the DHD on Tuesday, holding it responsible for the killing of eight Karbis. The killings were suspected to be in retaliation against the murder of three Dimasas.
The DHD, however, reacted with caution to the UPDS declaration, placing peace at the top of its agenda. But, at the same time, the DHD will defend itself in the event of a “war”.
Several other organisations also stressed on the need to restore peace and ending the misunderstanding between the two communities.
Sumindar Karbi Amay (SKA) and Jatikhe Naisho Hasom (JNH), apex organisations of the Karbis and the Dimasas respectively, have decided to find a solution to the problem through talks.
Sumindar Karbi Amay spokesman, Upen Ingty, today said a preliminary investigation into the killings has proved that neither the UPDS nor the DHD was involved in the incidents.
“This is the work of a third party,” said Ingty, without giving any clues to the identity of the third party. He further said this third force was trying to create hurdles in the peace talks of the two communities with the Centre. Ingty said a special peace drive would be carried out in Diphu tomorrow in co-operation with all the leading political and non-political organisations, irrespective of their community affiliations.
“We will extend every bit of co-operation to the Karbi apex body in its efforts to find an amicable solution. The killings are the handiwork of an external force ,” said Debajit Thausen, a Jatikhe Naisho Hasom spokesman.
8 Oct 2005
> ASDC/KSA/KNCA ‘silent procession’ — where 500+ participated and marching to the office of the Deputy Commissioner submitted a memorandum to the Governor of Assam read out by Bharat Timung and accepted by TK Burman on behalf of the DC.
> Dimasa Students Hostel at Rongmonjir gutted — in the outskirt of Diphu near Geeta Ashram around 9 pm.
> Pankaj Sharma, SP/KA claims clash not communal but ego-clash between UPDS-DHD— in an interview appearing in the NE TV.
9 Oct 2005
> SKA for ‘Common Relief Fund’ — as party like CPIML is individually organising reliefs trying to take political advantage of the situation.
> Army deployed — to patrol some sensitive areas to prevent further escalation in the communal carnage.
> DHD evacuation — of vulnerable Dimasa villages in as a reaction to the UPDS declaration of ‘war’ against the DHD, exclusively published in the Telegraph.
> Upper Hapjan encounter between UPDS-DHD — resulting in the torching of 2 Karbi villages.
> Bakulia Dist Committee meeting at Dokmoka — for maintaining peace in the situation.
10-12 Oct 2005
> Shilputa ME School peace initiative — by Dilip Rongpi (KEA member) organising Dimasa elders who responded well. A letter purported to be written by the KLNLF received by Dilip Rongpi demanding money, this is seen as a threat against the peace initative. The letter was in plain paper and not in the usual pad with insignia that has raiased doubts or authenticity over the letter.
> Dimasa houses gutted at Diphu—
10 Oct 2005
> Encounter at Kheroni Dimasa (Diphu) village — following 6-45 am combined attack by UPDS and Karbi villagers lasting for about 15 mins resulted in the torching of 64 houses and killing of 5 people. The incident prevented movement of vehilces between Manja-Diphu.
> Relief Camps — 1. Lorulangso Haccha Aklam 2. Lorulangso Town Committee market 3. Inglong Cherop Community Hall 4. Basic Training ( 2 Nos) 6. Rengbonghom HSES 7. Rongnihang LP/ME 8. Karbi Club (ASDC Office) 9.KASA Indoor Stadium 10. Matipung Rengma Community Hall 11. Taralangso 12. Rongkimi LP 13. Baghmari — the KAAC authority is not taking any initiative other then asking the AROs to prepare list of victims and torched villages. Mr Bakeesa Terang and Tensing Rongpi are entrusted to carry out the KAAC works. Bakeesa informs there are 3225 refugees including Adult Male-915 + Female- 845 and Minor M-780+F-685 as on date accomodated in 9 camps according to KAAC sources. The Govt. is only distributing 2 quintals of rice, 15 Kgs of Dal and 10 Kgs of Salt only so far.
> Trains stopped at Doldoli by DHD — carrying black flag and red flag on the track. The matter was brought to the notice of the General Manager for taking security measures between the Lumding-Dimapur track.
> Dimasa refugees from KA flee to NC Hills —in the past few days thronging Mandardisa, Hatikhali and Langting. The refugees numbering about 3000+ are from the Diphu-Lumding stretch of Dimasa villages. Police in Haflong is protecting 12 family Karbi colony fearing repraisals.
> Loringlangso Karbi settlement under attack — where father and mother of Longsing Teron of Jensing Teron village, editor of Karbi daily newspaper ‘Thekar’ are believed trapped and pleas to district administration failed to evoke any reponse to retrieve the unfortunate victims. A Garo village also was evicted by the DHD in a drive to cleanse the area of other non-Dimasa communities in the Dhansiri suburbs.
> CM and Ex- CM (PK Mahanta) visit Diphu —in the wake of the boiling Karbi-Dimasa clashes.
11 Oct 2005
> Sudhangsu Burman’s house gutted —around 8 pm who is a cashier/accountant with the SBI
> Retrd DSP’s house torched at Rong-the-ang —around 10-30 pm. His son Sachin Langthasa is a JE under NH/PWD Diphu.
> One Dimasa house at Rongmirdan gutted — believed to be a surrendered DHD around 3 am (12 Oct) near Chandrasing Teron High School.
12 Oct 2005
> Dimasa Club/Diphu camp — inmates fleeing from Kheroni areas complain of lack of security inspite of repeated pleas to the DC. The irate victims threatened storming the DC bungalow itself for shelter only when did the DC arranged some semblance of security in the late afternoon around 7-30 pm. Some Dimasa intellectuals (Dilip Hazarika) blame the NSCN being behind the Dimasa-Karbi flare up as part of the the outfit’s design to usurp the Misibailam oil field that had witnessed violent show down between the NSCN and the security forces under Assam state.
14 Oct 2005
> ASDC peace march — at Dokmoka where about 1200 people marched to the police outpost. After the procession a public meeting was held at Dokmoka Cinema Hall premises where Joysing (Negro) Taro castigated Mojari Hanse of the CPIML whose members were having a ‘party’ in the ML office celebrating the end of the zonal festival.
15 Oct 2005
> AGP president Brindabon Goswami visit Diphu —
17 Oct 2005
> DHD massacres scores of Karbis at Charchim, burn down 30 houses near Jirikindeng— one KAAC bus load and another 407 passengers were hacked to death. Miraculously two staffs of the KAAC bus Godwin Teron and Bipin Bey. The DHD cadres suddenly swooped down on the village and started shooting at random killing more then 35 people and dead counts are still going on at the time first report. More then 5000 terrified villagers are huddled in the Charchim area fearing for their lives as there is no security worth the name till now.
> District wide Indefinite Curfew’ clamped — creating a dubious record of sort as nowhere in indpendent India such district-wide curfew was imposed.
> Homeless thousands throng at Jirikindeng and Kheroni Relief Camps — as terrified villagers flee their homes, even from NC Hills, fearing for their lives but till midnight, the Jirikindeng Camp housing about 5000 people were not provided with any security measures. Home Minister was told about the situation and telephoned sending instructions to the DGP. He said forces are being sent from Hojai and Lanka to deal with the situation and as the area is interior, it might take some time. People huddled in Jirikindeng were demanding medical attention as many fell ill.
> Body counts still going on at Charchim/Prisek — as many are still untraced. Some bodies are reported dumped in the nearby river making it difficult to arrive at the exact figure of those killed.
> > Mukuilum battalion — was also informed of the massacre by Mohendra Rongpi, local ASDC leader who was rebuked by the camp incharge (one Kochar, a Dimasa) who was fully drunk and questioned Rongpi why he was talking so much. The other members of the battalion then tried to pacify the situation and finally reluctantly came to Jirikindeng and left the place after about two hours saying they are not equipped to tackle the situation.
> DHD attacks Longku (NC Hills) —killing one person after torturing the villagers (details yet to come)
18 Oct 2005
> Unified Command meet at Diphu at Circuit House — attended by Chief Secy (S Kabilan), DGP (PV Ssumant), IGP (DP Pathak), GOC 4th Corp (Left Gen HS Leader), SP (Pankaj Sharma —ordered to move out), 5 CRPF Coy is being rushed and army is taking over.
> National news (radio) report talking of torching of houses under Howraghat Police Station — but no such incident happened anywhere under Howraghat Police Station.
19 Oct 2005
> BJP Central team under HS Ahluwalia, MP visit Diphu—BJP MP Ahluwalia visit Diphu leading a Committee formed under Advani’s instruction.