Karbi Anglong : Fact-File
(Statistical data taken from ‘Statistical Handbook of Assam’, 2006, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Government of Assam.)
Karbi Anglong literally means Karbi Hills, lies in the middle of Assam state, sandwiched between the Brahmaputra valley in the North and the Barak valley in the South. Essentially a hill area, , its low hills link the Meghalaya state on the western side and the state of Nagaland on the eastern flank.
The dominant tribes are the Karbis who mostly live in the hills being dependent on slash and burn cultivation. The 10, 434 Sq. Km area holds a population of 880 thousand (as projected for 2005) whose decadal growth rate stands at 22.72%, with an average population of 283 persons per village. The density of population is 78 per Sq. Km.
In spite of heavy influx from the over populated mainland, he indigenous tribes constitute 55.69% of the population. Only 11.30% of the population live in the urban areas while the rest live in 2563 villages in the rural areas.
Increasing by 13.26% in the last decade, the total literacy rate in the district today stands at 57.70% The literacy rate in the urban area is 83.39% and in the rural areas, it is 45.48%.
In terms of human resources the main workers constitute 28.24% of the total population, of which 59.26% are cultivators. The participation rate of female workers is 37.15%.
The 1316.6 mm annual rainfall sustains forest are which is 30.06% of the total land area. The net sown area is 11.82% of the total land area of which 71.71% comes under food grains. 7.35% of the total net sown area is irrigated and fertilizer is utilized in as low as 3.03% of the total sown area.
The GDP at current prices (1997-98) stands at Rs. 59333 lakhs and the per capita GDP works out at Rs. 7911. The share of the primary sector is 49%, the secondary sector 17.3% and the tertiary sector is 33.7%. It is interesting to note that non-tribal immigrants dominate the tertiary sector while agro-based activities dominate the primary sector. There are 7 banks for 100, 000 people where the per capita bank deposit is Rs. 2014; the per capita bank credit is Rs. 384 with a credit-deposit ratio of 19.1%.
Karbi Anglong has only 1 (one) vehicle per Sq. Km and a total road length of 35.5 km per 100 Sq. Km area. It has 24 registered factories and 289 registered small scale industrial unit.
In the context of electrification, only six towns are electrified and of the 2563 villages, just 1039 villages (40.53% of the villages) are electrified. Therefore, no wonder, in the 3 (three) employment exchanges in the area there are only 18, 671 registered educated unemployed youths. Since registration does not guarantee absorption in the job market, the number of registered unemployed far exceeds the registered.
In the Health sector, there are 57.3 beds for a population of 100, 000 in 23 health institutions for the like number of people. This includes the only 2 (two) full-fledged hospitals in the area, the rest being just health centres where virtually there are no doctors on duty. The area records the highest incidence of malaria PF cases in the State and the mortality rate is quite high.
In the Education sector, for 10 Sq Km geographical area, on an average, there are 0.6 Primary Schools, 0.2 Middle Level Schools and 0.2 High Schools which have an average of 4.6, 5.6 and 9.2 number of teachers per school respectively.
(Excerpts from the booklet‑ ‘Karbi Anglong and North Cachar, The Bleeding Hills. Published by Indigenous Peoples’ Foundation, Office of the Karbi Language Foundation, Rongchedon, Diphu. 2008)
BASIC INFORMATION OF THE KARBI ANGLONG:
There are numerous rivers with tributaries in this district among them, the most important are
1. Kopili River 2. Amreng River 3. Borapani River
4. Kolioni River 5. Dhansuri River 6. Dikharu River
7. Nambor River 8. Deopani River 9. Jomuna River
10. Patradisha River 11. Longnit River 12. Doigrung River
13. Diplu River
The forest are covered is about 4,922.019 sq. km with 14 Nos. State R. F. and 17 Nos. District Council R. F. in the district.
B. HIGHEST MOUNTAIN PEAK:
Even though the district is dotted with hills, a few of which can be categorized into Mountain. Among them, the highest is the Singhason Peak which is at about 1360 metres above the sea level.
D. NATURAL RESOURCES:
Minerals: There are different kinds of minerals found in this hill district namely:
1. Lime stone : Found in Dillai and Sainilangso.
2. China-clay : Found in Upper Deopani&Silonijan area.
3. Feldspar : Found in Koilajan area
4. Coal : Found in Koilajan and Silbheta.
5. Iron ore : Found in Tarapung.
The district is basically an agricultural district. Different types of agricultural crops are cultivatedof which paddy is the main crop. Except for the lowlying areas, the people follow the jhum system of cultivation.
ROAD AND COMMUNICATION:
The district is well connected with other district through various routes. On the north it is covered by NH-37 and on the east by NH-39. The internal routes are covered by PWD roads.
The NF Railways passes through the district touching only a few points along the boundary. They are Hawaipur, Lamsakhang, Borlangfer, Langsoliet, Nilalung, Diphu, Dhansiri, Ronga pahar, Khotkhati and Bokajan.
The district has no airport. Dimapur which is 54 km away from Diphu being the nearest Airport.
Although the district is abundant in raw materials only a few industrial establishments have come up. They are:-
A.1. Bokajan cement plant; 2. Karbi Chemical Mini Cement Plant (under construction)
B. AGRO-BASE: 1. Rubber plantation Industry; 2.Chitronella Plantation Industry.
C. TEA GARDEN: There are total 12 (Twelve) numbers of Tea Garden in the district which are as follow:
1. Nambor Nadi T. E., 2. Deopani T. E., 3. Borpather T. E., 4. Dhansiri T. E., 5. Methunguri T. E.,
6. Banaspati T. E., 7. Sobhoneswari T, E., 8. Ramanagar T. E., 9. Lahorijan T. E., 10. Lengri T. E.,
11. Nirmal T.E., 12. Methoni T. E.
GENERAL DATA OF KARBI ANGLONG DISTRICT
1. Area: (As per 2001 census)
Total: 10,434 Sq. Km,
Rural: 10,397 Sq. Km,
Urban: 37 Sq. Km
2. POPULATION: (As per 2001 census)
Sl. No. Parameters Total Urban Rural
1. Population 8, 12,320 92751 719569
2. Male 4, 22,599 N A N A
3. Female 3, 89,721 N A N A
4. Literate 3, 92,589 N A N A
3. URBAN POPULATION: (AS PER 2001 CENSUS)
Sl. No. Name of the Town Population
1. Diphum (B-class III) 52,062
2. Bokajan (D-class IV) 14,938
3. Dokmoka (F-class V) 4,670
4. Dongkamokam (E-class V) 8,144
5. Hamren (E-class V) 8,298
6. Howraghat (F-class V) 4,659
4. Density of Population: (As per 2001 census) 78 per sq. Km.
5. Sex Ratio: 922 females (As per 2001 census)
6. Total No. of village: 2563 (As per 2001 census) Total No. of Revenue village: 803
7. Literacy rate: 58.83
8. District Headquarter: Diphu.
9. Sub-Division: 3 Nos
1. Diphu (Sadar Sub-Division, H.Q.: Diphu)
2. Bokajan (Civil Sub-Division, H.Q.: Bokajan)
3. Hamren (Civil Sub-Division, H.Q. Hamren)
10. BORDER OUT POST:- 10 NOS.
1. Lahorijan, (Assam – Nagaland Border)
2. Sankartilla, (Assam – Nagaland Border)
3. Monglamuckh, (Assam- Nagaland Border)
4. Doldoli, (Assam-Nagaland Border)
5. Daujingphang, (Assam-Nagaland Border)
6. Rongapahar, (Assam-Nagaland Border)
7. Khanduli, (Assam-Meghalaya Border)
8. Mokoiram, (Assam-Meghalaya Border)
9. Sabuda, (Assam-Meghalaya Border)
10. Mukroh, (Assam-Meghalaya Border)
11. DEVELOPMENT BLOCK WITH HEAD QUARTERS. (SUB-DIVISION WISE): 11 NOS.
Sl No Name of Sub-Division Name of Block Headquarters
1. Diphu Sadar 1. Lumbajong Manja
2. Howraghat Howraghat
3. Samelangso Samelangso
4. Langsomepi Samelangso
2. Bokajan Civil Sub-divn. 1. Bokajan Bokajan
2. Nilip Chowkihala
3. Rongmongve Rongmongve
3. Hamren Civil Sub-divn. 1. Rongkhang Dongkamokam
2. Socheng Zirikindeng
3. Chinthong Hamren
4. Amri Ulukunchi
12. REVENUE CIRCLE WITH HEADQUARTERS (SUB-DIVISIONWISE):4 NOS.
Sl No Name of Sub-division Name of Circle H.Q.
1. Diphu Sadar Sub-divn. 1. Diphu Diphu
2. Phuloni Phuloni
2. Bokajan Civil Sub-divn. 1. Silonijan Silonijan.
3. Hamren Civil Sub-divn. 1. Dongkamokam Donkamokam
13. MOUZA (SUB-DIVISIONWISE) : 22 NOS
Sl. No. Name of Sub-Divn. Name of Mouza
1. Diphu Sadar Sub-divn 1. Duar Bamoni
2. Duar Dikharu
2. Bokajan Civil Sub-divn. 1. Duar salona
2. Duar Bagori
3. Naga Rengma
3. Hamren Civil Sub-divn. 1. Dual-Amla
2. Pachim Rongkhang
3. Pub Rongkhang
4. Block –I
14. (A) STATE RESERVE FORESTS: 14 NOS
Under Karbi Anglong West Division:
Sl. No. Reserve Forest Area (in Sq. Kms)
1. Dhansiri R. F. 770.38
2. Daldali R. F. 123.32
3. Disama R.F. 112.15
4. Kaki Ist Add. R.F. 121.149
Under Karbi Anglong East Division.
Sl. No. Reserve Forest Area (in Sq. Kms)
1. Mikir Hills R.F. 770.38
2. Kaliyani R. F. 123.32
3. Nambor R. F.(N block) 112.15
4. Nambor R.F.(W block) 121.49
5. Chelabor R.F. 33.54
6 Sildharampur R.F. 15.75
7. Jungthung R. F. 32.56
Under Hamren Sub-Division:
Sl. No. Reserve Forest Area (in Sq. Km)
1. Amreng R.F.(addition) 56.96
2. Jakota R. F. 12.35
3. Rongkhang R.F. 33.39
15. District Boundary:
(A) Inter-district Boundary: 1.Karbi Anglong-Golaghat.
2. Karbi Anglong-Nagaon.
3. Karbi Anglong-NC Hills
(B) Inter-State Boundary: 1. Assam-Nagaland
(C) International Boundary: Nill
16. Parliamentary Constituency: 1 (one) 3-Autonomous Dist.(ST) Parliamentary Constituency(Comprising of 5 LA segments)
17. Legislative Assembly Constituency: 4 (Four) Nos
1. 17-Bokajan(ST), 2. 18-Howraghat (ST) 3. 19-Diphu (ST) 4. 20-Baithalangso(ST).
18. Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council Constituency: 26 Nos:
The constituencies of the Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council are as follows:
1. Duar-Amla 2. Amri 3. Chinthong
4. Socheng 5. Rongkhang 6. Bithung Rengthama
7. Kopili 8. Hamren 9. Amreng
10. Howraghat 11. Langfer 12. Phuloni
13. Langhin 14. Korkanthi 15. Mohamaya
16. Namati 17. Socheng Dhenta 18. Lumbajong
19. Dhansiri 20. Singhason 21. Borjan
22. Sarupather 23. Bokajan 24. Deopani
25. Nilip 26. Duar Bagori.
1. Diphu Govt. College, Diphu
2. Diphu Girls College, Diphu
3. Thongnokbe College, Dokmoka
4. Rangsina College, Donkamokam,
5. Bokajan College, Bokajan
6. Rukasen College, Bakalia,
7. Diphu Law College, Diphu
8. Diphu B. Ed. College, Diphu
9. Eastern Karbi Anglong College, Sarihajan
10. Waisong College, Hamren
11. Kopily College, Kheroni
12. Semsonsing Engti College, Baithalangso
13. P. G. Classes Diphu Govt. College.
20. SCHOOLS (HIGHER SECTION):
1. Govt. Higher Secondary School : 2 Nos
2. Provincialised higher Secondary School : 9 Nos
3. Govt. High School : 1 Nos
4. Provincialised High School : 77 Nos
5. Recognised High School : 73 Nos
6. Private English High School : 15 Nos
7. Govt. M. E. School : 13 Nos
8. Provincialised M. E. School : 196 Nos
9. Recognised M. E. School : 94 Nos
10. Permitted M. E. School : 36 Nos
21. (A) SCHOOLS (PRIMARY SECTION)
1. L P Schools : 1417 Nos
2. L P Teachers : 2582 Nos
3. Educational Block : 11 Nos
(B) 1. Basic Training School (L P Teachers) : 1 Nos, Diphu
2. Hindi Training College : 1 Nos, Diphu
3. Technical Institute : 1 Nos, ITI, Diphu
4. Polytechnic College : 1 Nos, Diphu (to be started)
22. TOWN COMMITTEE: 6 NOS:
Sl No. Name of TC No. of Ward
1. Diphu 10 Nos.
2. Hamren 7 Nos.
3. Howraghat 5 Nos.
4. Dokmoka 6 Nos.
5. Donkamokam 5 Nos.
6. Bokajan 6 Nos.
NAME OF WILD LIFE SANCTURY
1. Garampani wild life sanctuary : 6.05 Sq Km
2. East Katbi Anglong wild life sanctuary : 37.00 Sq. Km
3. Nambor wild life sanctuary : 37.00 Sq Km
4. Marat Longri wild life sanctuary : 451.00 Sq Km
5. North Karbi Anglong wild life sanctuary : 96.00 Sq Km
Persons Male Female
104,789 57,106 47,683
From other District of Assam:
Persons Male Female
31,391 18,327 10,064
From other Country:
Persons Male Female
10,400 6,010 4,390
1951 1961 1971 1991
125777 225407 379310 662723
Population Density 😦 as per1991 census in per Sq. KM)
Total Rural Urban
64 57 1,905